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Age: 4,505.6 ± 2,760.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C12346T T15530C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: H3z
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup H3z1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,700 and 7,300 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup H3z1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
14 H3z1 C12346T T15530C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 H3z1 C12346T T15530C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 H3z1 C12346T T15530C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 H3z1 C12346T T15530C Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup H3z1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001157 Behar et al., 2012a H3z1:11719 H3z1:315.1C, 709, 15777
Hap5002477 Behar et al., 2012b H3z1:73 H3z1:315.1C, 3203
Hap5002656 Behar et al., 2012b none H3z1:315.1C, 3396, 7157, 8886, 16295, 16305T, 16519Y
Hap5003048 Behar et al., 2012b none H3z1:315.1C, 8937, 16209
Hap5013142 Raule et al., 2014 none H3z1:93, 315.1C, 709

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10001753United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10004133United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10005066United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10005264United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10008566United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10008933United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10012668United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10013147United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10014271United StatesUnited StatesFinlandFinland
Hap10017797United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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