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Age: Northwestern Europe
Origin: Young
Mutations: A12217G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: H3k1
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup H3k1a is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity. It is relatively young.

Members appear in GenBank from four studies including two citizen science efforts. Unfortunately, only the sample from Zheng et al., 2012 has demographic information. That sample is English.

Likewise, Gene 2.0 samples so far are from European American participants.

From the H & HV mtDNA Haplogroup project information, this lineage is present in Ireland, northern Scotland, and Norway. This hints that the lineage originated in one of these places. Members may have spread during the Viking era.

mtDNA Haplogroup H3k1a Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
14 H3k1a A12217G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 H3k1a A12217G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 H3k1a A12217G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 H3k1a A12217G Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup H3k1a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5003526 Behar et al., 2012b none H3k1a:315.1C, 3645, 12804
Hap5003807 Behar et al., 2012b none H3k1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 3591, 11151
Hap5004468 Behar et al., 2012b none H3k1a:315.1C, 3645
Hap5006521 Coble et al., 2004 none H3k1a:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5008151 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none H3k1a:315.1C, 3591
Hap5022803 Zheng et al., 2012 none H3k1a:14199N, 16327N

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10028314United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10028472United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10028938United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10028941United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10039922United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: June 21, 2018 at 15:19 pm

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