Haplogroup H3k1a is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity. It is relatively young.
Members appear in GenBank from four studies including two citizen science efforts. Unfortunately, only the sample from Zheng et al., 2012 has demographic information. That sample is English.
Likewise, Gene 2.0 samples so far are from European American participants.
From the H & HV mtDNA Haplogroup project information, this lineage is present in Ireland, northern Scotland, and Norway. This hints that the lineage originated in one of these places. Members may have spread during the Viking era.
mtDNA Haplogroup H3k1a Phylotree History
Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.
|14||H3k1a||A12217G||Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS|
|15||H3k1a||A12217G||Released 30 Sep 2012|
|16||H3k1a||A12217G||Released 19 Feb 2014|
|17||H3k1a||A12217G||Released 18 Feb 2016|
mtDNA Haplogroup H3k1a Data Sources
GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.
Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.
|Hg ID||Publication||Missing Variants||Additional Variants|
|Hap5003526||Behar et al., 2012b||none||H3k1a:315.1C, 3645, 12804|
|Hap5003807||Behar et al., 2012b||none||H3k1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 3591, 11151|
|Hap5004468||Behar et al., 2012b||none||H3k1a:315.1C, 3645|
|Hap5006521||Coble et al., 2004||none||H3k1a:309.1C, 315.1C|
|Hap5008151||Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016||none||H3k1a:315.1C, 3591|
|Hap5022803||Zheng et al., 2012||none||H3k1a:14199N, 16327N|
Geno 2.0 Data
Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.
Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.
|Hap10028314||United States||United States||United States||United States|
|Hap10028472||United States||Unspecified||Unspecified||United States|
|Hap10028938||United States||United States||United States||United States|
|Hap10028941||United States||United States||United States||United States|
|Hap10039922||United States||United States||United States||United States|
If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.
Sources & Resources
- Behar, D.M., van Oven, M., Rosset, S., Metspalu, M., Loogväli, E.L., Silva, N.M., Kivisild, T., Torroni, A. and Villems, R. (2012). A “Copernican” reassessment of the human mitochondrial DNA tree from its root. American journal of human genetics, 90(4), 675-684.
- Coble, M.D., Just,R.S., O'Callaghan, J.E., Letmanyi, I.H., Peterson,C.T., Irwin,J.A. and Parsons,T.J. (2004). Single nucleotide polymorphisms over the entire mtDNA genome that increase the power of forensic testing in Caucasians. International journal of legal medicine, (3),, 137-146.
- Fan, L., & Yao, Y. G. (2011). MitoTool: a web server for the analysis and retrieval of human mitochondrial DNA sequence variations. Mitochondrion, 11(2), 351-356.
- Fan, L., & Yao, Y. G. (2013). An update to MitoTool: using a new scoring system for faster mtDNA haplogroup determination. Mitochondrion, 13(4), 360-363.
- Family Tree DNA & Greenspan (2006). Sequences Directly Submited by Family Tree DNA on Customers’ Behalf. , -, -.
- Van Oven, M., & Kayser, M. (2009). Updated comprehensive phylogenetic tree of global human mitochondrial DNA variation. Human mutation, 30(2), E386-E394.
- Zheng, H. X., Yan, S., Qin, Z. D., & Jin, L. (2012). MtDNA analysis of global populations support that major population expansions began before Neolithic Time. Nature Scientific Reports, 2, -.
- Ian Logan’s mtDNA Pages
- Ian Logan’s Instructions for mtGenome Genbank Donation
- James Lick’s mtDNA Utility
- The FTDNA Haplogroup Project for Haplogroup H & HV
- The Wikipedia Article for Haplogroup H
The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.
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Last Updated: Last updated: June 21, 2018 at 15:19 pm