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Age: 3,546.2 ± 2,603.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T8715C C11191T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: H28
Descendant branch(s): H28a1 H28a2


Haplogroup H28a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 900 and 6,100 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup H28a Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

14H28aT8715C C11191TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15H28aT8715C C11191TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16H28aT8715C C11191TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17H28aT8715C C11191TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup H28a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5002065Behar et al., 2012bnoneH28a:315.1C, 4688, 12085
Hap5002274Behar et al., 2012bnoneH28a:309.1C, 315.1C, 6647, 16093Y
Hap5003124Behar et al., 2012bH28a:146H28a:315.1C
Hap5003308Behar et al., 2012bnoneH28a:42.1G, 182, 309.1C, 315.1C, 7830
Hap5003510Behar et al., 2012bnoneH28a:315.1C, 4820, 16188, 16311Y
Hap5003761Behar et al., 2012bnoneH28a:315.1C, 6635
Hap5004670Behar et al., 2012bnoneH28a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 7681A, 13886, 16218Y
Hap5005355Behar et al., 2012bH28a:195H28a:315.1C, 8251, 14560
Hap5007298Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneH28a:309.1C, 315.1C, 6647
Hap5007325Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneH28a:315.1C
Hap5008035Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneH28a:315.1C, 523-524d, 5495
Hap5012925Raule et al., 2014noneH28a:315.1C
Hap5012950Raule et al., 2014H28a:152H28a:309.1C, 315.1C, 3398, 5495, 6426
Hap5012958Raule et al., 2014noneH28a:315.1C, 573.1XC
Hap5013237Raule et al., 2014noneH28a:315.1C
Hap5013263Raule et al., 2014noneH28a:315.1C
Hap5013681Raule et al., 2014noneH28a:315.1C, 13327

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10000851United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10002351United StatesAustriaUnspecifiedAustria
Hap10006509United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10006870UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10008467United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10008851United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10009692United KingdomIrelandUnspecifiedIreland
Hap10011926United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10012052United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|

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