FTDNA Sales Banner
Ads and affiliate links like this help support the Q-M242 project's efforts to test indigenous peoples. Please read the affiliateship and business disclaimers for details. You may also donate directly here.



Age: 2,064.2 ± 2,842.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C10211T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: H
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup H23 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 4,900 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup H23 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
03 H33 10211 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 H23 10211 Released 10 May 2009
05 H23 10211 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 H23 10211 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 H23 10211 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 H23 10211 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 H23 10211 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 H23 10211 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 H23 10211 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 H23 10211 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 H23 10211 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 H23 C10211T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 H23 C10211T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 H23 C10211T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 H23 C10211T Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup H23 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001314 Behar et al., 2012b none H23:315.1C, 14180
Hap5001732 Behar et al., 2012b none H23:315.1C, 3736R, 16318
Hap5001825 Behar et al., 2012b none H23:315.1C, 11962, 12033
Hap5002374 Behar et al., 2012b none H23:72, 315.1C
Hap5004115 Behar et al., 2012b none H23:152Y, 315.1C, 10654
Hap5004584 Behar et al., 2012b none H23:315.1C, 16318
Hap5005282 Behar et al., 2012b none H23:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC
Hap5005620 Brotherton et al., 2013 none H23:1-12d, 16558-16569d
Hap5006482 Coble et al., 2004 none H23:315.1C
Hap5006483 Coble et al., 2004 none H23:315.1C
Hap5006488 Coble et al., 2004 none H23:315.1C
Hap5006517 Coble et al., 2004 H23:152 H23:315.1C
Hap5007498 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none H23:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5008362 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none H23:315.1C, 13886Y
Hap5008370 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none H23:315.1C
Hap5008371 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none H23:315.1C, 742
Hap5008596 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none H23:315.1C
Hap5013101 Raule et al., 2014 H23:146 H23:315.1C
Hap5016773 Malyarchuk et al., 2010a none H23:315.1C
Hap5022757 Zheng et al., 2012 none H23:214, 5999, 10101

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10000044United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10000937United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10002027United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10002366United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10002743United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10002881United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10003203United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10003490United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10005530United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10005845United StatesUnited StatesCzech RepublicCzech Republic

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places:

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

you're currently offline