Age: 7,363.2 ± 3,634.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C16328a
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: H20
Descendant branch(s): H20a1 H20a2


Haplogroup H20a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 3,700 and 11,000 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup H20a Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01H20a249d 292 16362Released 27 Aug 2008
02H20a249d 292 16362Released 14 Oct 2008
04H20a249d 292 16328A 16362Released 10 May 2009
05H20a249d 292 16328A 16362Released 8 Jul 2009
06H20a249d 292 16328A 16362Released 28 Sep 2009
07H20a249d 292 16328A 16362Released 10 Nov 2009
08H20a249d 292 16328A 16362Released 21 Mar 2010
09H20a249d 292 16328A 16362Released 20 Jun 2010
10H20a249d 292 16328A 16362Released 10 Aug 2010
11H20a249d 292 16328A 16362Released 7 Feb 2011
12H20a249d 292 16328A 16362Released 20 Jul 2011
13H20a249d 292 16328A 16362Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14H20aC16328aReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15H20aC16328aReleased 30 Sep 2012
16H20aC16328aReleased 19 Feb 2014
17H20aC16328aReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup H20a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5000421Behar et al., 2008anoneH20a:249d, 292, 315.1C, 16362, 16519
Hap5002653Behar et al., 2012bnoneH20a:315.1C, 7388R, 9756G, 9891, 11518, 16519
Hap5002936Behar et al., 2012bnoneH20a:249d, 292, 309.1C, 315.1C, 11353, 15172, 16362, 16519
Hap5007877Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016H20a:13105H20a:249d, 315.1C, 5108, 5471, 9656, 13547, 14831, 16037, 16243, 16519
Hap5012722Raule et al., 2014noneH20a:309.1C, 315.1C, 7961, 9300, 9756G, 15448A, 16390, 16519
Hap5012754Raule et al., 2014noneH20a:309.1C, 315.1C, 9756G, 14750
Hap5012800Raule et al., 2014noneH20a:315.1C, 4216, 7961, 9300, 9756G, 12562G, 15448A, 16390, 16519
Hap5020999Derenko et al., 2013H20a:152H20a:249d, 309.1C, 315.1C, 13344, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10004603United StatesUnited StatesSyriaSyria
Hap10007817United Arab EmiratesIranIranIran
Hap10008211United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10013433United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10019635United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10023385El SalvadorEl SalvadorEl SalvadorEl Salvador
Hap10028341United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10029198United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10029470United StatesMexicoMexicoMexico
Hap10032907CanadaUnited StatesAustriaAustria

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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