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Age: 10,831.4 ± 2,301.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C16218T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: H
Descendant branch(s): H20a H20b H20c


Haplogroup H20 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 8,500 and 13,100 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup H20 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 H20 16218 16328A Released 27 Aug 2008
02 H20 16218 16328A Released 14 Oct 2008
03 H20 16218 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 H20 16218 Released 10 May 2009
05 H20 16218 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 H20 16218 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 H20 16218 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 H20 16218 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 H20 16218 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 H20 16218 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 H20 16218 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 H20 16218 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 H20 16218 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 H20 C16218T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 H20 C16218T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 H20 C16218T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 H20 C16218T Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup H20 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5003016 Behar et al., 2012b H20:16278 H20:309.1C, 315.1C, 3798, 14180
Hap5012973 Raule et al., 2014 none H20:309.1C, 315.1C, 1717, 6002, 6221Y, 6299, 6366R, 15244, 16309, 16519
Hap5014275 Shlush et al., 2008 none H20:309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 6039, 8705, 8723, 14207

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10011200CanadaCanadaUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10013261United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10015558United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10019411United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10022502United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10023643United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10024069United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10024661United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10028823AustraliaAustraliaUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10028989United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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