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Age: 6,187.3 ± 2,930.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G13708A C13934T
Parent Branch: H2
Descendant branch(s): H2c1


Haplogroup H2c is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 3,300 and 9,100 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup H2c Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

14H2cG13708A C13934TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15H2cG13708A C13934TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16H2cG13708A C13934TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17H2cG13708A C13934TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup H2c Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001243Behar et al., 2012bnoneH2c:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16465, 16519
Hap5003861Behar et al., 2012bnoneH2c:315.1C, 523-524d, 9090, 14560, 16519
Hap5005307Behar et al., 2012bnoneH2c:152, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 709, 4385, 9386, 14249, 16209, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10006302United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10010606United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10014546United StatesUnited StatesCanadaCanada
Hap10018581United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10029428United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|