Ads and affiliate links like this help support the Q-M242 project's efforts to test indigenous peoples. Please read the affiliateship and business disclaimers for details. You may also donate directly here.



Age: 1,645.4 ± 2,320.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A249d
Parent Branch: H2a5b
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup H2a5b1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 4,000 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup H2a5b1 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

14H2a5b1A249dReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15H2a5b1A249dReleased 30 Sep 2012
16H2a5b1A249dReleased 19 Feb 2014
17H2a5b1A249dReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup H2a5b1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001170Behar et al., 2012bnoneH2a5b1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 16274
Hap5001563Behar et al., 2012bnoneH2a5b1:309.1C, 315.1C, 5819A
Hap5004045Behar et al., 2012bnoneH2a5b1:309.1CC, 315.1C
Hap5008528Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneH2a5b1:309.1C, 315.1C, 5819A

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places:

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|