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Age: 2,534.0 ± 2,024.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G15314A
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: H2a2a1
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup H2a2a1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 500 and 4,600 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup H2a2a1a Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

14H2a2a1aG15314AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15H2a2a1aG15314AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16H2a2a1aG15314AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17H2a2a1aG15314AReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup H2a2a1a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5004056Behar et al., 2012bnoneH2a2a1a:315.1C, 7220, 16195, 16519
Hap5007228Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneH2a2a1a:189, 309.1C, 315.1C, 16259
Hap5007373Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneH2a2a1a:315.1C, 16195, 16519
Hap5014147Sequeira et al., 2015noneH2a2a1a:315.1C, 9126A, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10006778United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10007709United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10012383United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10021694United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10023462United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10025003United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10028273United KingdomCanadaUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10032196United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10032440United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10033996United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10034326UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10035399United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10036401United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10038854Czech RepublicCzech RepublicCzech RepublicCzech Republic

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|