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Age: 7,037.0 ± 2,018.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Central Asia
Mutations: G8860A G15326A
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: H2a2
Descendant branch(s): H2a2a1 H2a2a2


Haplogroup H2a2a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 5,000 and 9,100 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: H2a2a
Age: To Be Determined
Origin: Central Asia
Blurb: This branch of your ancestors’ journey was born in Central Asia. It spread westward from southern Central Asia to Europe and West Asia, where it is present at trace frequencies in most population groups.

Today, this lineage is present most often in Denmark (2 percent), Norway (4 percent), and Northern Ireland (3 percent). It is also present in some Jewish Diaspora groups.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup H2a2a Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 H2a2a 263 8860 15326 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 H2a2a 263 8860 15326 Released 14 Oct 2008
04 H2a2a 263 8860 15326 Released 10 May 2009
05 H2a2a 263 8860 15326 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 H2a2a 263 8860 15326 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 H2a2a 263 8860 15326 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 H2a2a 263 8860 15326 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 H2a2a 263 8860 15326 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 H2a2a 263 8860 15326 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 H2a2a 263 8860 15326 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 H2a2a 263 8860 15326 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 H2a2a 263 8860 15326 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 H2a2a G8860A G15326A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 H2a2a G8860A G15326A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 H2a2a G8860A G15326A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 H2a2a G8860A G15326A Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup H2a2a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001262 Behar et al., 2012b H2a2a:195, 7521 H2a2a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 5988, 16319, 16519
Hap5016793 Malyarchuk et al., 2010a none H2a2a:315.1C, 3116, 3693, 8736, 11929, 14058, 16519
Hap5016805 Malyarchuk et al., 2010a none H2a2a:315.1C, 3116, 3693, 8736, 11929, 14058, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10000175UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10006689United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10007606United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10008641United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10010365United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10010739United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10012175United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10026744United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: August 5, 2018 at 18:58 pm

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