Age: 851.7 ± 3,407.9; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C979T C3567T G12127A C13272T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: H2a1a
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup H2a1a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 4,300 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup H2a1a1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

14H2a1a1C979T C3567T G12127A C13272TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15H2a1a1C979T C3567T G12127A C13272TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16H2a1a1C979T C3567T G12127A C13272TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17H2a1a1C979T C3567T G12127A C13272TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup H2a1a1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5002755Behar et al., 2012bnoneH2a1a1:315.1C, 16519
Hap5002912Behar et al., 2012bnoneH2a1a1:315.1C, 9461R, 16519, 16526
Hap5003556Behar et al., 2012bnoneH2a1a1:315.1C, 16519, 16526

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10003083United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10005977GermanyUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10006240United StatesUnited StatesIrelandIreland
Hap10006335United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10007455United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10012762United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10020067United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10020069United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10020151United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10022220United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10022495United StatesItalyUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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