H2a

Summary

Age: 10,531.8 ± 1,628.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Central Asia or Eastern Europe
Variants: G4769A
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: H2
Descendant branch(s): H2a1 H2a2 H2a3 H2a4 H2a5

YFull Info

Name: -
Age: -
Expansion: -
 Variants: -

Note: This information does not imply an endorsement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.

Haplogroup H2a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 8,900 and 12,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: H2a
Age: 19,300 ± 2,000 Years Ago
Origin: Central Asia or Eastern Europe
Blurb: This lineage was born around 19,300 years ago in either Central Asia or Eastern Europe. Women from this group traveled alongside their more distant cousins and are thus now present in many of the same places.

Today, this lineage is about 5 percent of maternal lineages in Slovakia, Saudi Arabia, Poland, and Croatia. It is around 4 percent of the population of Finland, Denmark, and Belgium. It is between 4 and 5 percent of maternal lineages in Northern Ireland.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup H2a Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
01 H2a 4769 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 H2a 4769 Released 14 Oct 2008
04 H2a 4769 Released 10 May 2009
05 H2a 4769 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 H2a 4769 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 H2a 4769 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 H2a 4769 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 H2a 4769 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 H2a 4769 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 H2a 4769 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 H2a 4769 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 H2a 4769 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 H2a G4769A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 H2a G4769A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 H2a G4769A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 H2a G4769A Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup H2a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing results over to build 17.

Hg IDOriginPublicationHg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFullMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5009306 - Hartmann et al., 2008 H2a - H2a:16189 H2a:309.1C, 315.1C, 16266
Hap5014326 - Soini et al., 2012 H2a - none H2a:309.1C, 315.1C, 10172, 10310, 16291, 16519
Hap5017063 - Fendt et al., 2010 H2a - H2a:73 H2a:315.1C, 4350, 5460, 8709, 8856, 16519
Hap5017078 - Fendt et al., 2010 H2a - H2a:73 H2a:315.1C, 4350, 5460, 8709, 8856, 12131, 16519
Hap5017197 - Sukernik et al., 2010 H2a - H2a:73 H2a:4350, 5460, 8709, 16519
Hap5018088 - Wang HW et al., 2012 H2a - none H2a:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 13968, 15787, 16271

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

   

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

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Keywords

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