A Eurasian mtDNA Haplogroup



Age: 11,905.3 ± 1,364.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Central Asia or Eastern Europe
Variants: G1438A
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: H
Descendant branch(s): H2a H2b H2c

YFull Info

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Note: This information does not imply an endorsement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.

Haplogroup H2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 10,500 and 13,300 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: H2
Age: To Be Determined
Origin: Central Asia or Eastern Europe
Blurb: This lineage was born during the Mesolithic period. Its distribution from Central Asia into Europe suggests an origin in Central Asia. Its presence on the Arabian Peninsula may be due to recent back migrations.

Today, this line and its subtypes are 6 percent of the population of Denmark and 8 percent of the population of Norway. It is about 5 percent of maternal lineages in Slovakia. It is a striking 13 percent of maternal lineages in the United Arab Emirates.

Interest Points: The first mtDNA to be fully sequenced, the historic Cambridge Reference Sequence (CRS), belonged to a subtype of this line.
DNA from the reputed remains of Luke the Evangelist indicates that he belonged to this lineage.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup H2 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
01 H2 1438 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 H2 1438 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 H2 1438 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 H2 1438 Released 10 May 2009
05 H2 1438 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 H2 1438 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 H2 1438 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 H2 1438 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 H2 1438 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 H2 1438 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 H2 1438 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 H2 1438 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 H2 1438 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 H2 G1438A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 H2 G1438A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 H2 G1438A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 H2 G1438A Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup H2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing results over to build 17.

Hg IDOriginPublicationHg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFullMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5003632 - Behar et al., 2012b H2 - H2:16189 H2:309.1CC, 315.1C, 2772, 8129

Sources & Resources

Related Sources


Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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