FTDNA Sales Banner
Ads and affiliate links like this help support the Q-M242 project's efforts to test indigenous peoples. Please read the affiliateship and business disclaimers for details. You may also donate directly here.



Age: 2,819.3 ± 2,628.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C9129T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: H16
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup H16b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 200 and 5,400 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup H16b Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
04 H16b 9129 Released 10 May 2009
05 H16b 9129 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 H16b 9129 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 H16b 9129 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 H16b 9129 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 H16b 9129 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 H16b 9129 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 H16b 9129 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 H16b 9129 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 H16b 9129 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 H16b C9129T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 H16b C9129T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 H16b C9129T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 H16b C9129T Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup H16b Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5003115 Behar et al., 2012b none H16b:315.1C, 6261
Hap5004038 Behar et al., 2012b none H16b:315.1C, 8764, 16274
Hap5004447 Behar et al., 2012b none H16b:315.1C, 9932, 13149, 15811, 16172
Hap5004551 Behar et al., 2012b none H16b:152Y, 315.1C
Hap5004998 Behar et al., 2012b none H16b:64Y, 315.1C, 11654, 12996
Hap5006501 Coble et al., 2004 none H16b:315.1C
Hap5007175 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none H16b:315.1C
Hap5007352 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none H16b:315.1C, 16136, 16295
Hap5007429 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 H16b:16223 H16b:315.1C
Hap5007514 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none H16b:309.1C, 315.1C, 6891
Hap5008431 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 H16b:16278 H16b:315.1C
Hap5009585 Herrnstadt et al., 2002 H16b:73, 146, 152, 195, 247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16311 H16b:1-576d, 16024-16569d
Hap5012727 Raule et al., 2014 none H16b:315.1C, 3335, 12879
Hap5013181 Raule et al., 2014 none H16b:315.1C, 2483

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10001632United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10002075United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10002326United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10002687United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10002695United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10003424United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10005220United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places:

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

you're currently offline