Age: 5,507.9 ± 3,301.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T3847C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: H15
Descendant branch(s): H15b1 H15b2


Haplogroup H15b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 2,200 and 8,800 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

One of the earliest research studies with someone from this line was Achilli et al., 2004. The paper was focused on the Franco-Cantabrian Glacial Refuge. This is a small part of Europe where some humans were able to survive during the last ice age. The individual tested was an Italian. In Shlush et al., 2008, an H15b person was found in the Druze population. The Druze are an isolated population in the Middle East.

There are two citizen science samples donated to GenBank (Greenspan et al., 2006 – 2016) and another donated through Behar et al., 2012b. The first two are Armenian and the third’s demographics are unknown.

A sixth sample from Denmark comes from a medical research study (Raule et al., 2014).

Geno 2 data shows diverse maternal origins in Europe and the Middle East. In the Middle East, results come from Turkey, Iran, and Lebanon. In Europe, they come from Greece, Italy, and Denmark. Further, there are Americans in the United States with European origins.

With a distribution that reaches to Denmark, it is tempting to place this line in Europe before the last ice age. However, H15b is much younger than the beginning of the last ice age, and the parent branch, H15, is unlikely to be from Europe. Thus, the Franco-Cantabrian Refuge is unlikely to have been the source for H15b’s ancestors. The age of H15b and its spread from the Middle East to Europe may link it to the spread of farming in the late Neolithic. It could also have come to Europe with later migrations in the Bronze Age.

mtDNA Haplogroup H15b Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

04H15b3847Released 10 May 2009
05H15b3847Released 8 Jul 2009
06H15b3847Released 28 Sep 2009
07H15b3847Released 10 Nov 2009
08H15b3847Released 21 Mar 2010
09H15b3847Released 20 Jun 2010
10H15b3847Released 10 Aug 2010
11H15b3847Released 7 Feb 2011
12H15b3847Released 20 Jul 2011
13H15b3847Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14H15bT3847CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15H15bT3847CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16H15bT3847CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17H15bT3847CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup H15b Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5000021Achilli et al., 2004noneH15b:315.1C, 1117, 10993, 16519
Hap5004228Behar et al., 2012bnoneH15b:309.1CC, 315.1C, 16519, 16527
Hap5008098Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016H15b:57H15b:56.1A, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 8699, 13818, 15115, 16519
Hap5008270Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneH15b:56T, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 8699, 13371, 13818, 16519
Hap5013330Raule et al., 2014noneH15b:185, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5014289Shlush et al., 2008H15b:57H15b:54C, 56.1A, 200, 309.1C, 315.1C, 9336, 9612, 9644, 10819, 13145, 16086, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10003724United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10008861United KingdomGreeceGreeceGreece
Hap10015221United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10021689United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places: Armenia, Denmark, Greece, Iran, Italy, Lebanon, and Turkey

Last Updated: Last updated: July 27, 2016 at 17:07 pm

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