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Age: 12,475.9 ± 867.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Central Asia
Mutations: C14872T
Parent Branch: H
Descendant branch(s): H13a H13b H13c


Haplogroup H13 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 11,600 and 13,300 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: H13
Age: 17,500 ± 4,200 Years Ago
Origin: Central Asia
Blurb: This line was born around 17,500 years ago in Central Asia. Groups containing this lineage lived in the harsh climate of the Caucasus. From there, some have migrated to Europe and West Asia.

Today, this line is present at low frequency in both Asia and Europe, but its highest population frequency and diversity is present in the Caucasus. There it is prominent in Dagestan (15 percent) and in Georgia (13.3 percent).


In West Asia, it is over 18 percent of some population groups in Iraq and about 13 percent of the population in United Arab Emirates.

In Europe, it is 3 to 4 percent of maternal lineages in Italy, 3 percent of maternal lineage in Norway, and about 2 percent of maternal lineages in Turkey.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup H13 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01H1314872 16519Released 27 Aug 2008
02H1314872 16519Released 14 Oct 2008
03H1314872Released 1 Mar 2009
04H1314872Released 10 May 2009
05H1314872Released 8 Jul 2009
06H1314872Released 28 Sep 2009
07H1314872Released 10 Nov 2009
08H1314872Released 21 Mar 2010
09H1314872Released 20 Jun 2010
10H1314872Released 10 Aug 2010
11H1314872Released 7 Feb 2011
12H1314872Released 20 Jul 2011
13H1314872Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14H13C14872TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15H13C14872TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16H13C14872TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17H13C14872TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup H13 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: August 5, 2018 at 21:28 pm

2018-08-05T21:28:08+00:00June 6th, 2016|