Age: 8,594.5 ± 2,263.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Western Eurasia or Europe
Mutations: T14470a
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: H
Descendant branch(s): H10a H10b H10c H10d H10e H10f H10g H10h


Haplogroup H10 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 6,300 and 10,900 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: H10
Age: 13,100 ± 5,800 Years Ago
Origin: Europe
Blurb: This branch was born in Europe during the last glacial maximum, it sheltered in refugia there. As the ice melted, groups containing this line moved across Europe, resettling.

Today, the highest frequencies of this line are present in Belgium, where it makes up 6 percent of maternal lineages; in the Netherlands, it makes up approximately 3 percent of maternal lineages. In addition, it is also part of some Jewish Diaspora groups. Overall, this lineage is present at trace frequencies of 1 to 2 percent in Northwestern Europe and a frequency of less than 1 percent in Southern Europe.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup H10 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01H1014470AReleased 27 Aug 2008
02H1014470AReleased 14 Oct 2008
03H1014470AReleased 1 Mar 2009
04H1014470AReleased 10 May 2009
05H1014470AReleased 8 Jul 2009
06H1014470AReleased 28 Sep 2009
07H1014470AReleased 10 Nov 2009
08H1014470AReleased 21 Mar 2010
09H1014470AReleased 20 Jun 2010
10H1014470AReleased 10 Aug 2010
11H1014470AReleased 7 Feb 2011
12H1014470AReleased 20 Jul 2011
13H1014470AReleased 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14H10T14470aReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15H10T14470aReleased 30 Sep 2012
16H10T14470aReleased 19 Feb 2014
17H10T14470aReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup H10 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5000822Behar et al., 2012anoneH10:309.1C, 315.1C, 4977
Hap5001207Behar et al., 2012bnoneH10:309.1C, 315.1C, 5201Y
Hap5003928Behar et al., 2012bnoneH10:309.1CC, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 3705
Hap5004632Behar et al., 2012bnoneH10:309.1C, 315.1C, 10643, 15643
Hap5007226Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneH10:309.1CC, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 1692, 3810
Hap5020855Derenko et al., 2013noneH10:309.1CC, 315.1C, 7771, 8020, 10172, 10914

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: August 5, 2018 at 21:04 pm

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