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Age: 6,990.3 ± 2,590.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C9923T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: H1
Descendant branch(s): H1u1 H1u2


Haplogroup H1u is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 4,400 and 9,600 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup H1u Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

04H1u9923Released 10 May 2009
05H1u9923Released 8 Jul 2009
06H1u9923Released 28 Sep 2009
07H1u9923Released 10 Nov 2009
08H1u9923Released 21 Mar 2010
09H1u9923Released 20 Jun 2010
10H1u9923Released 10 Aug 2010
11H1u9923Released 7 Feb 2011
12H1u9923Released 20 Jul 2011
13H1u9923Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14H1uC9923TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15H1uC9923TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16H1uC9923TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17H1uC9923TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup H1u Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001935Behar et al., 2012bH1u:152H1u:151, 315.1C, 9935
Hap5002084Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1u:315.1C, 3337, 6425, 9531, 16166R
Hap5004741Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1u:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 980, 7897, 11656
Hap5008221Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016H1u:152, 195H1u:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 13966
Hap5008258Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneH1u:309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 1764, 3483, 16104, 16320
Hap5012834Raule et al., 2014noneH1u:131, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 3483, 5093Y, 8634, 9563, 16320

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10001668United StatesUnited StatesPortugalPortugal
Hap10001884United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10002496United StatesUnited StatesSlovakiaSlovakia
Hap10003136United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10007123United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10007592United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10007722United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10009241United KingdomUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10009915United StatesUnited StatesUkraineUkraine

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|

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