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Age: 2,914.2 ± 1,959.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A13203G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: H1c
Descendant branch(s): H1c9a


Haplogroup H1c9 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 1,000 and 4,900 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup H1c9 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
14 H1c9 A13203G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 H1c9 A13203G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 H1c9 A13203G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 H1c9 A13203G Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup H1c9 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5003168 Behar et al., 2012b none H1c9:309.1C, 315.1C, 8723
Hap5012778 Raule et al., 2014 none H1c9:309.1C, 315.1C, 8723
Hap5014327 Soini et al., 2012 none H1c9:309.1C, 315.1C, 8723, 16169

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10009717United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10010016United StatesUnited StatesFinlandFinland
Hap10017204United StatesUnited StatesFinlandFinland
Hap10019678United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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