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Age: 3,518.9 ± 1,607.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Western Eurasia or Europe
Mutations: A9150G T16263C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: H1c
Descendant branch(s): H1c1a H1c1b H1c1c H1c1d


Haplogroup H1c1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 1,900 and 5,100 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: H1c1
Age: To Be Determined
Origin: Europe
Blurb: This branch was born in Northern Europe. Over time, groups containing women from this line have spread across Europe and are present in much of it at low frequencies of around 1 percent or less.

Today, this line is most common in Norway, where it is about 2 percent of maternal lineages.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup H1c1 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01H1c19150Released 27 Aug 2008
02H1c19150Released 14 Oct 2008
04H1c19150 16263Released 10 May 2009
05H1c19150 16263Released 8 Jul 2009
06H1c19150 16263Released 28 Sep 2009
07H1c19150 16263Released 10 Nov 2009
08H1c19150 16263Released 21 Mar 2010
09H1c19150 16263Released 20 Jun 2010
10H1c19150 16263Released 10 Aug 2010
11H1c19150 16263Released 7 Feb 2011
12H1c19150 16263Released 20 Jul 2011
13H1c19150 16263Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14H1c1A9150G T16263CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15H1c1A9150G T16263CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16H1c1A9150G T16263CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17H1c1A9150G T16263CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup H1c1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001189Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1c1:315.1C, 524.1AC
Hap5001374Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1c1:315.1C, 12070R
Hap5001471Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1c1:315.1C, 11983A, 14831R, 15498
Hap5001544Behar et al., 2012bH1c1:16311H1c1:315.1C, 9055, 16093Y
Hap5001654Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1c1:315.1C, 16093Y
Hap5002190Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1c1:234, 309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5002462Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1c1:200, 315.1C, 7598
Hap5002511Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1c1:315.1C, 16093
Hap5002776Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1c1:315.1C, 7830
Hap5002799Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1c1:309.1C, 315.1C, 5794, 6116
Hap5003314Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1c1:151, 315.1C
Hap5003492Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1c1:309.1C, 315.1C, 6719Y
Hap5003640Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1c1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 472R, 12372
Hap5003672Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1c1:315.1C, 6293Y, 16093Y
Hap5003789Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1c1:215, 315.1C
Hap5003797Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1c1:309.1C, 315.1C, 15951
Hap5003845Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1c1:315.1C, 1193, 4188R
Hap5003880Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1c1:315.1C, 15884, 16239
Hap5003995Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1c1:315.1C, 9983
Hap5003997Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1c1:315.1C, 3398
Hap5004077Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1c1:315.1C, 983
Hap5004202Behar et al., 2012bH1c1:16189H1c1:315.1C
Hap5004525Behar et al., 2012bH1c1:195H1c1:315.1C
Hap5004553Behar et al., 2012bH1c1:152H1c1:315.1C
Hap5004574Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1c1:315.1C, 3600A

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10000164UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10000255United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10000314United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10000475United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10000515United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10000746United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10000804United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10001058United StatesUnited StatesGermanyGermany
Hap10001325United StatesUnited StatesUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10001334United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10001456United StatesUnited StatesGermanyGermany
Hap10001748United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10001762United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10001860United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: August 5, 2018 at 17:49 pm

2018-08-05T17:49:03+00:00June 6th, 2016|

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