Age: 6,448.0 ± 1,210.9; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Western Eurasia or Europe
Mutations: T477C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: H1
Descendant branch(s): H1c1 H1c10 H1c11 H1c12 H1c13 H1c14 H1c15 H1c16 H1c17 H1c18 H1c19 H1c2 H1c20 H1c21 H1c22 H1c3 H1c4 H1c5 H1c6 H1c7 H1c8 H1c9


Haplogroup H1c is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 5,200 and 7,700 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: H1c
Age: To Be Determined
Origin: Europe
Blurb: This line is present more often in Northwestern Europe than in Southern Europe.

Today it is about 5 percent of maternal lineages in Norway and Sweden. It is about 4 percent of the population of Wales. Elsewhere in Europe, it is around 2 percent of the population. Strikingly, it is about 5 percent of maternal lineages in Lebanon. It is around 7 percent of the population of Moldova.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup H1c Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01H1c477Released 27 Aug 2008
02H1c477Released 14 Oct 2008
04H1c477Released 10 May 2009
05H1c477Released 8 Jul 2009
06H1c477Released 28 Sep 2009
07H1c477Released 10 Nov 2009
08H1c477Released 21 Mar 2010
09H1c477Released 20 Jun 2010
10H1c477Released 10 Aug 2010
11H1c477Released 7 Feb 2011
12H1c477Released 20 Jul 2011
13H1c477Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14H1cT477CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15H1cT477CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16H1cT477CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17H1cT477CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup H1c Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5000894Behar et al., 2012anoneH1c:315.1C, 5899.1CCC, 14091, 15905Y, 16172, 16294
Hap5001363Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1c:315.1C, 16136
Hap5001562Behar et al., 2012bH1c:146H1c:315.1C, 12732Y
Hap5001579Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1c:315.1C, 523-524d, 12684, 15496
Hap5001740Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1c:93R, 309.1C, 315.1C, 9196
Hap5001886Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 14233
Hap5001890Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 4454
Hap5002041Behar et al., 2012bH1c:195, 16129H1c:315.1C, 513
Hap5002847Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1c:315.1C, 5899.1C
Hap5002975Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1c:315.1C, 4052
Hap5003145Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1c:315.1C, 15655
Hap5003726Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1c:315.1C, 523-524d, 980G, 7861, 10397, 15930, 16316
Hap5003916Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1c:315.1C, 5048, 8139
Hap5003943Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 709, 8994, 9881, 14128
Hap5004079Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1c:315.1C, 6710
Hap5004517Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1c:315.1C, 3321, 13437
Hap5005053Behar et al., 2012bH1c:146H1c:315.1C, 5752.1A, 16132
Hap5005070Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1c:309.1CC, 315.1C
Hap5005080Behar et al., 2012bH1c:146H1c:315.1C
Hap5009103Gasparre et al., 2007H1c:16129H1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 16274
Hap5009323Hartmann et al., 2008noneH1c:315.1C, 6671, 14423S
Hap5011068Kloss-Brandstätter et al., 2010noneH1c:315.1C, 11944
Hap5012999Raule et al., 2014noneH1c:315.1C, 16301
Hap5013045Raule et al., 2014noneH1c:315.1C, 524.1AC
Hap5013091Raule et al., 2014noneH1c:315.1C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10000408United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10000713United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10000816United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10000983United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10001007United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10001095United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10001111United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10001305United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10001455United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: August 5, 2018 at 17:42 pm

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