Age: 1,932.8 ± 2,744.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A11084G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: H1
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup H1bk is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 4,700 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup H1bk Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

14H1bkA11084GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15H1bkA11084GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16H1bkA11084GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17H1bkA11084GReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup H1bk Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5002490Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1bk:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d
Hap5002534Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1bk:93, 95C, 315.1C, 523-524d
Hap5005112Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1bk:95C, 315.1C, 523-524d
Hap5012589Raule et al., 2014noneH1bk:315.1C, 523-524d

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10001119United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10002663United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10002698United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10007891United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10009330United StatesUnited StatesCroatiaCroatia
Hap10014460UnspecifiedAustraliaBritish Dependent TerritoriesBritish Dependent Territories
Hap10014978United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10015012United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10016793United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10020118United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10020133AustraliaUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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