Age: 2,908.9 ± 2,634.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A8271t
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: H1a
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup H1a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 300 and 5,500 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup H1a2 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01H1a28271TReleased 27 Aug 2008
02H1a28271TReleased 14 Oct 2008
04H1a28271TReleased 10 May 2009
05H1a28271TReleased 8 Jul 2009
06H1a28271TReleased 28 Sep 2009
07H1a28271TReleased 10 Nov 2009
08H1a28271TReleased 21 Mar 2010
09H1a28271TReleased 20 Jun 2010
10H1a28271TReleased 10 Aug 2010
11H1a28271TReleased 7 Feb 2011
12H1a28271TReleased 20 Jul 2011
13H1a28271TReleased 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14H1a2A8271tReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15H1a2A8271tReleased 30 Sep 2012
16H1a2A8271tReleased 19 Feb 2014
17H1a2A8271tReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup H1a2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001763Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1a2:315.1C, 1007R, 11231Y
Hap5003475Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 15929R
Hap5007207Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneH1a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 9012, 15071
Hap5007340Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016H1a2:152H1a2:315.1C
Hap5007766Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016H1a2:152H1a2:315.1C
Hap5008790Finnilä et al., 2001noneH1a2:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5008791Finnilä et al., 2001noneH1a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1ACAC
Hap5008792Finnilä et al., 2001H1a2:152H1a2:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5008793Finnilä et al., 2001noneH1a2:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5012660Raule et al., 2014noneH1a2:310
Hap5012882Raule et al., 2014noneH1a2:9, 309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5012883Raule et al., 2014noneH1a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 16294, 16296
Hap5012913Raule et al., 2014noneH1a2:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5013307Raule et al., 2014noneH1a2:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5013325Raule et al., 2014noneH1a2:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5013512Raule et al., 2014noneH1a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 15454
Hap5013524Raule et al., 2014noneH1a2:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5022685Zheng et al., 2012noneH1a2:1187
Hap5022686Zheng et al., 2012nonenone
Hap5022687Zheng et al., 2012H1a2:152none
Hap5022688Zheng et al., 2012noneH1a2:315.1C
Hap5022689Zheng et al., 2012H1a2:152none

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10001085United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10002938United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10005679United StatesUnited StatesComorosComoros
Hap10011811United StatesUnited StatesDenmarkDenmark
Hap10017059United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10018123United StatesCanadaGermanyGermany
Hap10020262United StatesUnited StatesFinlandFinland
Hap10021481United StatesUnited StatesSwitzerlandSwitzerland
Hap10022924United StatesUnited StatesFinlandFinland

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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