Haplogroup H1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 9,000 and 10,800 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: H1
Age: 18,160 ± 1,120 Years Ago
Origin: West Asia
Blurb: This branch of your ancestors’ journey was born in West Asia. She lived in the time of the Kebaran culture. From West Asia, this line spread north into Europe and west into West Africa. Some who traveled to Europe expanded out of refugia after the late glacial maximum.

Today, this line is about 10 percent of maternal lineages in Denmark and around 8 percent of maternal lineages in Norway and Sweden. It accounts for around 9 percent of maternal lineages throughout the British Isles and is 12 percent of maternal lineages in Northern Ireland. It is around 8 percent of the population in Portugal. It is between 4 and 5 percent of maternal lineages in Croatia. It is about 5 percent of the Armenian population and about 6 percent of the Lebanese population.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup H1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01H13010 16519Released 27 Aug 2008
02H13010 16519Released 14 Oct 2008
03H13010Released 1 Mar 2009
04H13010Released 10 May 2009
05H13010Released 8 Jul 2009
06H13010Released 28 Sep 2009
07H13010Released 10 Nov 2009
08H13010Released 21 Mar 2010
09H13010Released 20 Jun 2010
10H13010Released 10 Aug 2010
11H13010Released 7 Feb 2011
12H13010Released 20 Jul 2011
13H13010Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14H1G3010AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15H1G3010AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16H1G3010AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17H1G3010AReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup H1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5000034Achilli et al., 2004noneH1:228, 309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 11299, 16233
Hap5000035Achilli et al., 2004noneH1:236, 309.1C, 315.1C, 709, 1900, 5899.1C, 6040, 16294
Hap5000037Achilli et al., 2004noneH1:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5000039Achilli et al., 2004H1:16311H1:309.1C, 315.1C, 723, 7271, 8952, 11549
Hap5000041Achilli et al., 2004noneH1:309.1C, 315.1C, 4062, 14287, 16294
Hap5000042Achilli et al., 2004noneH1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 573.1XC, 13943, 16234
Hap5000745Behar et al., 2012anoneH1:185, 315.1C, 4659, 8119Y, 8764R, 11215, 12810, 16209
Hap5000748Behar et al., 2012anoneH1:315.1C, 7269
Hap5000790Behar et al., 2012anoneH1:309.1C, 315.1C, 14128
Hap5000801Behar et al., 2012anoneH1:315.1C, 6367, 8634, 16354
Hap5000815Behar et al., 2012anoneH1:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5000957Behar et al., 2012anoneH1:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 8865, 14004
Hap5001289Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1:315.1C, 2746, 13708, 13746, 15261, 15924, 16093, 16368
Hap5001460Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1:315.1C, 4388
Hap5002115Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1:315.1C, 10007, 16172
Hap5002501Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1:309.1C, 315.1C, 4961C, 6480, 15836, 16284
Hap5002580Behar et al., 2012bH1:16311H1:315.1C, 6365, 13194R, 16263, 16355
Hap5002691Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1:309.1C, 315.1C, 6581, 8749
Hap5002694Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1:309.1C, 315.1C, 6581, 8749, 11170M
Hap5002746Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1:315.1C, 10044, 10795, 16260
Hap5002757Behar et al., 2012bH1:195H1:292, 315.1C, 15465
Hap5002758Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1:315.1C, 3531, 16093
Hap5002784Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1:93, 315.1C, 15217
Hap5002824Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1:309.1C, 315.1C, 9932, 11150R
Hap5002870Behar et al., 2012bnoneH1:309.1C, 315.1C, 5581, 14905

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10000001United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10000046United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10000156United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10000233United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10000247United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10000264United StatesUnited StatesGermanyGermany
Hap10000265UnspecifiedUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10000279United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10000305United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10000369United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10000513United StatesUnited StatesSwedenSweden
Hap10000590United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: September 25, 2018 at 9:42 am

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