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H

Background

Haplogroup H is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. It is a child of haplogroup HV. It was likely born in the West Asia around 13,000 years ago. (Behar et al., 2012b)

Origin

Most researchers consider the birthplace of H to have been born in West Asia.

Age

Behar et al., 2012b placed the birth of the H lineage between 12,100 and 13,600 years ago. This means the line was born in the Mesolithic. People were making highly refined stone tools.

Ancient DNA

Coming Soon

Timeline

This timeline is an overview of the H branch's history from the first early people to the birth of the first woman from the H lineage. (View in new tab.)

Modern Populations

Despite its relative youth, haplogroup H is widely distributed. It is the dominant haplogroup across Europe. It is also found across West Asia, Central Asia, and South Asia. In places, it reaches as far east as East Asia. It sweeps across the Middle East. It is present in North Africa. There, it reaches high frequencies in some isolated populations.

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: H
Age: 28,000 ± 890 Years Ago
Origin: West Asia
Blurb: This step in your maternal ancestors' travels took place around 28,000 years ago in West Asia. Before the weather in the Northern Hemisphere became inhospitable, groups containing this lineage expanded into Central Asia, Europe, and East Africa.
However, the last glacial maximum forced early Europeans into refugia and drastically reducing population sizes and genetic diversity.As the last glacial maximum ended and the ice sheets began their retreat, those who had been living in the refugia recolonized Europe. Yours was by far the most frequent maternal lineage carried by these expanding groups. Later migrations, such as those during the Neolithic Revolution and those triggered by the Bronze Age, brought additional groups containing different subtypes of this line to Europe.
Today, this lineage makes up 40 to 60 percent of the gene pool in most European populations. The highest percentage of this line in Europe is in Ireland, where it makes up 61 percent of the population.Elsewhere in Europe and West Asia, other isolated subtypes also expanded at the end of the last glacial maximum. This branch is 25 percent of the population in Turkey, 20 percent of the population in the Caucasus Mountains, 15 percent of the population in Central Asia, and 20 percent of Southwest Asian lineages.Interest Points: French Queen Marie Antoinette and Renaissance astronomer Nicholas Copernicus were members of this line.

mtDNA Haplogroup H Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build#CalledMutationsNotes
01H2706 7028Released 27 Aug 2008
02H2706 7028Released 14 Oct 2008
03H2706 7028Released 1 Mar 2009
04H2706 7028Released 10 May 2009
05H2706 7028Released 8 Jul 2009
06H2706 7028Released 28 Sep 2009
07H2706 7028Released 10 Nov 2009
08H2706 7028Released 21 Mar 2010
09H2706 7028Released 20 Jun 2010
10H2706 7028Released 10 Aug 2010
11H2706 7028Released 7 Feb 2011
12H2706 7028Released 20 Jul 2011
13H2706 7028Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14HG2706A T7028CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15HG2706A T7028CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16HG2706A T7028CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17HG2706A T7028CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup H Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5000060Achilli et al., 2004noneH:72, 183, 309.1C, 315.1C, 1598, 16066, 16239
Hap5000061Achilli et al., 2004noneH:309.1C, 315.1C, 3460, 3786, 11536
Hap5000062Achilli et al., 2004noneH:309.1C, 315.1C, 16362
Hap5000795Behar et al., 2012anoneH:315.1C, 5794, 8485, 8723
Hap5000847Behar et al., 2012anoneH:309.1C, 315.1C, 13191
Hap5000896Behar et al., 2012anoneH:93, 151, 315.1C, 1578R
Hap5001251Behar et al., 2012bnoneH:200, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 9699, 15805
Hap5001317Behar et al., 2012bH:146H:152Y, 315.1C, 6410, 9284, 9328, 16124, 16245
Hap5001335Behar et al., 2012bnoneH:315.1C, 3826, 14605R
Hap5001425Behar et al., 2012bH:73H:207, 309.1C, 315.1C, 16192, 16519
Hap5001871Behar et al., 2012bnoneH:309.1C, 315.1C, 8877, 13431, 16519
Hap5001897Behar et al., 2012bnoneH:315.1C, 16274
Hap5001920Behar et al., 2012bH:73H:315.1C, 14968
Hap5002040Behar et al., 2012bnoneH:315.1C, 8772, 9110, 16261
Hap5002255Behar et al., 2012bnoneH:93, 151, 315.1C, 5277, 9593
Hap5002642Behar et al., 2012bnoneH:151, 309.1C, 315.1C, 7109A, 13819
Hap5002699Behar et al., 2012bnoneH:309.1C, 315.1C, 980, 3290, 11665, 13651, 16354
Hap5002878Behar et al., 2012bH:13105H:309.1CC, 315.1C
Hap5002904Behar et al., 2012bnoneH:315.1C, 523-524d, 14851, 16319
Hap5003215Behar et al., 2012bH:146H:315.1C, 524.1AC, 10237, 10598, 12134A, 16184
Hap5003446Behar et al., 2012bnoneH:309.1C, 315.1C, 16093
Hap5003633Behar et al., 2012bH:10398H:131, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 6752C, 9103, 11563G, 14218
Hap5003779Behar et al., 2012bnoneH:315.1C, 5483, 10550
Hap5003932Behar et al., 2012bnoneH:315.1C, 3172, 9074, 13759
Hap5004024Behar et al., 2012bH:73, 16278H:315.1C, 13581Y

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10000053United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10000056UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10000060UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10000088UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10000104UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10000112United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10000116UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10000126UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10000163UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10000188UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10000214United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10000222UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10000242United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10000253UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10000267United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10000284United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10000395UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10000401United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10000402UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10000406UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10000410United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10000450United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10000502United StatesItalyItalyItaly
Hap10000539UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10000547UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

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Keywords

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Last Updated: Last updated: October 8, 2018 at 15:09 pm

2018-10-08T15:09:11+00:00June 6th, 2016|

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