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Age: 21,905.8 ± 2,832.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: West Asia
Mutations: T14766C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: R0
Descendant branch(s): H HV0 HV1 HV10 HV11 HV12 HV13 HV14 HV15 HV16 HV17 HV18 HV19 HV2 HV20 HV21 HV22 HV23 HV24 HV4 HV5 HV6 HV7 HV8 HV9


Haplogroup HV is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 19,100 and 24,700 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).


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This timeline is an overview of the HV branch's history from the first early people to the birth of the first woman from the HV lineage. (View in new tab.)

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: HV
Age: 22,350 ± 7,745 Years Ago
Origin: West Asia
Blurb: This point in your direct maternal ancestors' travels began in West Asia. Some members of this line moved across the Caucasus Mountains and west across Anatolia (present-day Turkey). The Cro-Magnon carried these lineages into Europe for the first time. Their arrival in Europe heralded the end of the era of the Neanderthals as the Cro-Magnon competed against them for scarce resources.

However, the of the [sic] last glacial maximum forced members of this line back either into West Asia or into the few habitable areas that remained in Europe.

When the ice sheets retreated, this lineage expanded back into Europe. Today, members of this line are part of the populations of Europe, West Asia (including Anatolia), and the Caucasus Mountains of South Russia and the Republic of Georgia.

This lineage accounts for around 21 percent of maternal lineages in Armenia. It is about 8 percent of those in Turkey and about 5 percent of those in Croatia. Across much of Europe, this line is present at low frequencies of around 1 percent. This lineage accounts for about 7 percent of the population of both India in South Asia and the United Arab Emirates in West Asia.

Interest Points: Some subtypes that are part of the populations of East Africa are due to recent gene flow related to the Arab slave trade of the last two millennia.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup HV Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01HV14766Released 27 Aug 2008
02HV14766Released 14 Oct 2008
03HV14766Released 1 Mar 2009
04HV14766Released 10 May 2009
05HV14766Released 8 Jul 2009
06HV14766Released 28 Sep 2009
07HV14766Released 10 Nov 2009
08HV14766Released 21 Mar 2010
09HV14766Released 20 Jun 2010
10HV14766Released 10 Aug 2010
11HV14766Released 7 Feb 2011
12HV14766Released 20 Jul 2011
13HV14766Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14HVT14766CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15HVT14766CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16HVT14766CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17HVT14766CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup HV Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5007773Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016HV:146, 152HV:315.1C, 6365, 8636, 9065Y, 11800, 13768, 14580, 16079, 16177, 16362, 16519
Hap5007839Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016HV:146, 16189HV:309.1CC, 315.1C, 3316, 7706, 16169, 16183C, 16519, 16527
Hap5007875Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016HV:73HV:309.1C, 315.1C, 4823, 13966, 16260, 16290, 16399, 16519
Hap5008617Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016HV:152HV:315.1C, 644, 3397, 7436, 16169
Hap5012756Raule et al., 2014noneHV:60.1T, 135.1T, 315.1C, 11167, 16169, 16355, 16362, 16519
Hap5012782Raule et al., 2014HV:16189HV:315.1C, 9039, 16183C
Hap5013130Raule et al., 2014HV:146, 152HV:309.1C, 315.1C, 5460, 9548, 11245, 16327, 16519
Hap5013933Schönberg et al., 2011HV:195HV:310, 6248, 11155, 14968, 15272, 16519
Hap5013957Schönberg et al., 2011HV:16189HV:310, 6632, 9039, 16316
Hap5016128Kujanová et al., 2009HV:73, 16189HV:315.1C, 1733, 3606, 8772, 13866, 14256, 16390
Hap5016131Kujanová et al., 2009HV:73, 16189HV:315.1C, 1733, 3606, 8772, 13866, 14256, 16390
Hap5016140Kujanová et al., 2009HV:73, 16189HV:315.1C, 1733, 3606, 8772, 13866, 14256, 16390
Hap5017067Fendt et al., 2010HV:146HV:309.1CC, 315.1C, 5460, 16248, 16519
Hap5017082Fendt et al., 2010HV:146HV:309.1C, 315.1C, 5460, 16248, 16519
Hap5017298Sharma V et al., 2012HV:73HV:309.1C, 315.1C, 7444, 8345, 9704T, 10685, 12453, 13866
Hap5020909Derenko et al., 2013HV:16189HV:309.1CC, 315.1C, 1462, 4562, 6285, 7624, 9039, 16309
Hap5020977Derenko et al., 2013HV:73, 152HV:309.1C, 315.1C, 455.1T, 3311, 4615, 5471, 5899.1C, 8843, 12630, 12681, 13708, 13768, 16217
Hap5020981Derenko et al., 2013HV:16189HV:309.1C, 315.1C, 4892, 9039
Hap5021008Derenko et al., 2013HV:152HV:309.1C, 315.1C, 4823, 5585, 8311, 9716, 16260, 16399, 16519
Hap5021040Derenko et al., 2013HV:152, 16189HV:309.1CC, 315.1C, 3394, 4832, 9039, 16258T
Hap5021041Derenko et al., 2013noneHV:315.1C, 9738, 12777, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10000099United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10001320United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10001694United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10001757UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10002375United StatesUnited StatesUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10002423United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: October 14, 2018 at 19:35 pm

2018-10-14T19:35:11+00:00June 6th, 2016|

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