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Age: 21,905.8 ± 2,832.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: West Asia
Mutations: T14766C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: R0
Descendant branch(s): H HV0 HV1 HV10 HV11 HV12 HV13 HV14 HV15 HV16 HV17 HV18 HV19 HV2 HV20 HV21 HV22 HV23 HV24 HV4 HV5 HV6 HV7 HV8 HV9


Haplogroup HV is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 19,100 and 24,700 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).


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This timeline is an overview of the HV branch’s history from the first early people to the birth of the first woman from the HV lineage. (View in new tab.)

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: HV
Age: 22,350 ± 7,745 Years Ago
Origin: West Asia
Blurb: This point in your direct maternal ancestors’ travels began in West Asia. Some members of this line moved across the Caucasus Mountains and west across Anatolia (present-day Turkey). The Cro-Magnon carried these lineages into Europe for the first time. Their arrival in Europe heralded the end of the era of the Neanderthals as the Cro-Magnon competed against them for scarce resources.

However, the of the [sic] last glacial maximum forced members of this line back either into West Asia or into the few habitable areas that remained in Europe.

When the ice sheets retreated, this lineage expanded back into Europe. Today, members of this line are part of the populations of Europe, West Asia (including Anatolia), and the Caucasus Mountains of South Russia and the Republic of Georgia.

This lineage accounts for around 21 percent of maternal lineages in Armenia. It is about 8 percent of those in Turkey and about 5 percent of those in Croatia. Across much of Europe, this line is present at low frequencies of around 1 percent. This lineage accounts for about 7 percent of the population of both India in South Asia and the United Arab Emirates in West Asia.

Interest Points: Some subtypes that are part of the populations of East Africa are due to recent gene flow related to the Arab slave trade of the last two millennia.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup HV Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 HV 14766 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 HV 14766 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 HV 14766 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 HV 14766 Released 10 May 2009
05 HV 14766 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 HV 14766 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 HV 14766 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 HV 14766 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 HV 14766 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 HV 14766 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 HV 14766 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 HV 14766 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 HV 14766 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 HV T14766C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 HV T14766C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 HV T14766C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 HV T14766C Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup HV Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5007773 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 HV:146, 152 HV:315.1C, 6365, 8636, 9065Y, 11800, 13768, 14580, 16079, 16177, 16362, 16519
Hap5007839 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 HV:146, 16189 HV:309.1CC, 315.1C, 3316, 7706, 16169, 16183C, 16519, 16527
Hap5007875 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 HV:73 HV:309.1C, 315.1C, 4823, 13966, 16260, 16290, 16399, 16519
Hap5008617 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 HV:152 HV:315.1C, 644, 3397, 7436, 16169
Hap5012756 Raule et al., 2014 none HV:60.1T, 135.1T, 315.1C, 11167, 16169, 16355, 16362, 16519
Hap5012782 Raule et al., 2014 HV:16189 HV:315.1C, 9039, 16183C
Hap5013130 Raule et al., 2014 HV:146, 152 HV:309.1C, 315.1C, 5460, 9548, 11245, 16327, 16519
Hap5013933 Schönberg et al., 2011 HV:195 HV:310, 6248, 11155, 14968, 15272, 16519
Hap5013957 Schönberg et al., 2011 HV:16189 HV:310, 6632, 9039, 16316
Hap5016128 Kujanová et al., 2009 HV:73, 16189 HV:315.1C, 1733, 3606, 8772, 13866, 14256, 16390
Hap5016131 Kujanová et al., 2009 HV:73, 16189 HV:315.1C, 1733, 3606, 8772, 13866, 14256, 16390
Hap5016140 Kujanová et al., 2009 HV:73, 16189 HV:315.1C, 1733, 3606, 8772, 13866, 14256, 16390
Hap5017067 Fendt et al., 2010 HV:146 HV:309.1CC, 315.1C, 5460, 16248, 16519
Hap5017082 Fendt et al., 2010 HV:146 HV:309.1C, 315.1C, 5460, 16248, 16519
Hap5017298 Sharma V et al., 2012 HV:73 HV:309.1C, 315.1C, 7444, 8345, 9704T, 10685, 12453, 13866
Hap5020909 Derenko et al., 2013 HV:16189 HV:309.1CC, 315.1C, 1462, 4562, 6285, 7624, 9039, 16309
Hap5020977 Derenko et al., 2013 HV:73, 152 HV:309.1C, 315.1C, 455.1T, 3311, 4615, 5471, 5899.1C, 8843, 12630, 12681, 13708, 13768, 16217
Hap5020981 Derenko et al., 2013 HV:16189 HV:309.1C, 315.1C, 4892, 9039
Hap5021008 Derenko et al., 2013 HV:152 HV:309.1C, 315.1C, 4823, 5585, 8311, 9716, 16260, 16399, 16519
Hap5021040 Derenko et al., 2013 HV:152, 16189 HV:309.1CC, 315.1C, 3394, 4832, 9039, 16258T
Hap5021041 Derenko et al., 2013 none HV:315.1C, 9738, 12777, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10000099United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10001320United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10001694United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10001757UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10002375United StatesUnited StatesUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10002423United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: October 14, 2018 at 19:35 pm

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