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Age: 39,960.0 ± 11,097.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: West Asia
Mutations: G73A A11719G
Parent Branch: R
Descendant branch(s): HV R0a'b


Haplogroup R0 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 28,900 and 51,100 years (Behar et al., 2012b).


This timeline is an overview of the R0 branch's history from the first early people to the birth of the first woman from the R0 lineage. (View in new tab.)

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: R0
Age: 40,490 ± 830 Years Ago
Origin: West Asia
Blurb: This point in your ancestors' journey took place in West Asia around 40,000 years ago.

Members of this lineage are present all around the Red Sea and widely throughout the region. While this genetic lineage is common in Ethiopia and Somalia, individuals from this group are present at highest frequency in Arabia. Because of their close genetic and geographic proximity to other western Eurasian clusters, members of this group living in eastern Africa are the likely result of more recent migrations back into the continent.

Some individuals moved across the West Asia into Central Asia and the Indus Valley. Some moved south, heading back into the African homeland from where their ancestors had recently departed.


Other members of this lineage moved north across the Caucasus Mountains and west across Anatolia into Europe. These were Cro-Magnon. Their arrival in Europe heralded the end of the era of the Neanderthals.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup R0 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01R073 11719Released 27 Aug 2008
02R073 11719Released 14 Oct 2008
03R073 11719Released 1 Mar 2009
04R073 11719Released 10 May 2009
05R073 11719Released 8 Jul 2009
06R073 11719Released 28 Sep 2009
07R073 11719Released 10 Nov 2009
08R073 11719Released 21 Mar 2010
09R073 11719Released 20 Jun 2010
10R073 11719Released 10 Aug 2010
11R073 11719Released 7 Feb 2011
12R073 11719Released 20 Jul 2011
13R073 11719Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14R0G73A A11719GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15R0G73A A11719GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16R0G73A A11719GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17R0G73A A11719GReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup R0 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: October 14, 2018 at 20:02 pm

2018-10-14T20:02:05+00:00June 6th, 2016|
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