Age: 39,960.0 ± 11,097.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: West Asia
Variants: G73A A11719G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: R
Descendant branch(s): HV R0a’b

YFull Info

Name: R0
Age: 48600 to 43400 ybp [95% CI]
Expansion: -
 Variants: G73A A11719G

Note: This information does not imply an endorsement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.

Haplogroup R0 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 28,900 and 51,100 years (Behar et al., 2012b).


This timeline is an overview of the R0 branch’s history from the first early people to the birth of the first woman from the R0 lineage. (View in new tab.)

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: R0
Age: 40,490 ± 830 Years Ago
Origin: West Asia
Blurb: This point in your ancestors’ journey took place in West Asia around 40,000 years ago.

Members of this lineage are present all around the Red Sea and widely throughout the region. While this genetic lineage is common in Ethiopia and Somalia, individuals from this group are present at highest frequency in Arabia. Because of their close genetic and geographic proximity to other western Eurasian clusters, members of this group living in eastern Africa are the likely result of more recent migrations back into the continent.

Some individuals moved across the West Asia into Central Asia and the Indus Valley. Some moved south, heading back into the African homeland from where their ancestors had recently departed.

Other members of this lineage moved north across the Caucasus Mountains and west across Anatolia into Europe. These were Cro-Magnon. Their arrival in Europe heralded the end of the era of the Neanderthals.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup R0 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
01 R0 73 11719 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 R0 73 11719 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 R0 73 11719 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 R0 73 11719 Released 10 May 2009
05 R0 73 11719 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 R0 73 11719 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 R0 73 11719 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 R0 73 11719 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 R0 73 11719 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 R0 73 11719 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 R0 73 11719 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 R0 73 11719 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 R0 73 11719 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 R0 G73A A11719G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 R0 G73A A11719G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 R0 G73A A11719G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 R0 G73A A11719G Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup R0 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing results over to build 17.

Hg ID Origin Publication Hg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFull Missing Variants Additional Variants

Sources & Resources

Related Sources


Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: October 14, 2018 at 20:02 pm


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