Ads and affiliate links like this help support the Q-M242 project's efforts to test indigenous peoples. Please read the affiliateship and business disclaimers for details. You may also donate directly here.



Age: 14,399.2 ± 4,241.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C4814T C13468T A14696G
Parent Branch: P4a
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup P4a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 10,200 and 18,600 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup P4a1 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01P4a14814 13468 14696Released 27 Aug 2008
02P4a14814 13468 14696Released 14 Oct 2008
03P4a14814 13468 14696Released 1 Mar 2009
05P4a14814 13468 14696Released 8 Jul 2009
06P4a14814 13468 14696Released 28 Sep 2009
07P4a14814 13468 14696Released 10 Nov 2009
08P4a14814 13468 14696Released 21 Mar 2010
09P4a14814 13468 14696Released 20 Jun 2010
10P4a14814 13468 14696Released 10 Aug 2010
11P4a14814 13468 14696Released 7 Feb 2011
12P4a14814 13468 14696Released 20 Jul 2011
13P4a14814 13468 14696Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14P4a1C4814T C13468T A14696GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15P4a1C4814T C13468T A14696GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16P4a1C4814T C13468T A14696GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17P4a1C4814T C13468T A14696GReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup P4a1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5010015Hudjashov et al., 2007noneP4a1:178, 309.1C, 315.1C, 6647, 8557, 10271, 16048, 16243, 16519
Hap5015677Friedlaender et al., 2007P4a1:146P4a1:35, 36, 309.1C, 315.1C, 7022, 8383, 9033, 13457, 13967, 14016, 16342, 16519
Hap5015678Friedlaender et al., 2007P4a1:146P4a1:35, 36, 153, 315.1C, 709, 4688, 5108, 7621, 8289.1CCCCCTCTA, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places:

Last Updated: Last updated: July 2, 2016 at 0:51 am

2016-07-02T00:51:11+00:00June 6th, 2016|