Age: 26,458.7 ± 6,427.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C16270T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: P1d
Descendant branch(s): P1d1a


Haplogroup P1d1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 20,000 and 32,900 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup P1d1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

05P1d116270Released 8 Jul 2009
06P1d116270Released 28 Sep 2009
07P1d116270Released 10 Nov 2009
08P1d116270Released 21 Mar 2010
09P1d116270Released 20 Jun 2010
10P1d116270Released 10 Aug 2010
11P1d116270Released 7 Feb 2011
12P1d116270Released 20 Jul 2011
13P1d116270Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14P1d1C16270TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15P1d1C16270TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16P1d1C16270TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17P1d1C16270TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup P1d1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5007039Delfin et al., 2014noneP1d1:315.1C, 513, 1694, 6366, 7993, 14587, 16051, 16292, 16519
Hap5009321Hartmann et al., 2008noneP1d1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 709, 5969, 9033, 9055, 9554, 11711R, 12191, 13020, 15355, 16189Y, 16319, 16519
Hap5010140Ingman et al., 2000P1d1:16189, 16223P1d1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 480, 3699, 4994, 6366, 8269, 12879, 13641, 14374, 15924, 16183C, 16193.1C, 16235, 16257, 16354, 16519
Hap5010187Ingman et al., 2000noneP1d1:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 3699, 6366, 8269, 9257, 12879, 14180, 16257, 16354, 16519
Hap5021440Duggan et al., 2014bnoneP1d1:5969, 7356, 7868, 12696, 16259G, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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