Age: 54,801.3 ± 2,501.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: South Asia
Mutations: A15607G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: R
Descendant branch(s): P1 P2 P2’10 P3 P4 P5 P6 P7 P8 P9


Haplogroup P is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. It is a child of haplogroup R. It was likely born in the South Asia around 55,000 years ago. (Behar et al., 2012b)


Most researchers consider the birthplace of P to have been born in South Asia.


Behar et al., 2012b placed the birth of the P lineage between 52,300 and 57,300 years ago. This means the line was born in the Upper Paleolithic. At the time, people were using stone tools.

Ancient DNA

Coming Soon


This timeline is an overview of the P branch’s history from the first early people to the birth of the first woman from the P lineage. (View in new tab.)

Modern Populations

Today, this line is found in Southeast Asia especially Australia and PNG.

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: P
Age: 43,970 ± 5,450 Years Ago
Origin: South Asia
Blurb: This branch in your maternal ancestors’ journey marks the point where groups traveled to Sahul, the landmass that once connected New Guinea and Australia. Your ancestors journeyed along the coastlines of Southeast Asia to reach Sahul. When the Paleolithic period ended and climate change led to higher sea levels, the land connecting what are now islands became submerged. The higher sea levels left the different descendant subtypes of this lineage in isolation. The significant difference between subtypes in modern-day descendants depending on their geographic origin demonstrates this.Today, this lineage is most common in Australia, where it is about 16 percent of the population, and in New Guinea, where it is around 56 percent of the population. It is also between 1 and 2 percent of maternal lineages in the Philippines.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup P Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01P15607Released 27 Aug 2008
02P15607Released 14 Oct 2008
03P15607Released 1 Mar 2009
04P15607Released 10 May 2009
05P15607Released 8 Jul 2009
06P15607Released 28 Sep 2009
07P15607Released 10 Nov 2009
08P15607Released 21 Mar 2010
09P15607Released 20 Jun 2010
10P15607Released 10 Aug 2010
11P15607Released 7 Feb 2011
12P15607Released 20 Jul 2011
13P15607Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14PA15607GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15PA15607GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16PA15607GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17PA15607GReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup P Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10072339New ZealandAustraliaAustraliaAustralia
Hap10072340United StatesPhilippinesPhilippinesPhilippines

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places:

Last Updated: Last updated: October 8, 2018 at 16:19 pm

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