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Age: 7,518.5 ± 2,179.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C16278T!
Parent Branch: J2b1
Descendant branch(s): J2b1a1 J2b1a2 J2b1a3 J2b1a4 J2b1a5 J2b1a6


Haplogroup J2b1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 5,300 and 9,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup J2b1a Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

05J2b1a16278Released 8 Jul 2009
06J2b1a16278Released 28 Sep 2009
07J2b1a16278Released 10 Nov 2009
08J2b1a16278Released 21 Mar 2010
09J2b1a16278Released 20 Jun 2010
10J2b1a16278Released 10 Aug 2010
11J2b1a16278Released 7 Feb 2011
12J2b1a16278Released 20 Jul 2011
13J2b1a16278Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14J2b1aC16278T!Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15J2b1aC16278T!Released 30 Sep 2012
16J2b1aC16278T!Released 19 Feb 2014
17J2b1aC16278T!Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup J2b1a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001554Behar et al., 2012bnoneJ2b1a:315.1C, 709, 16519
Hap5001557Behar et al., 2012bJ2b1a:11914J2b1a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 3308, 3992, 16145, 16235, 16519
Hap5001800Behar et al., 2012bnoneJ2b1a:315.1C, 9116, 12510, 16355, 16519
Hap5001835Behar et al., 2012bnoneJ2b1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 709, 9909
Hap5001911Behar et al., 2012bJ2b1a:195J2b1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5001951Behar et al., 2012bnoneJ2b1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 960.1XC
Hap5002116Behar et al., 2012bnoneJ2b1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 709, 6050, 16519
Hap5002875Behar et al., 2012bJ2b1a:16126J2b1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 8878, 12187, 13886, 16173
Hap5005283Behar et al., 2012bnoneJ2b1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 4586Y, 15470Y, 16519
Hap5005668Carelli et al., 2006J2b1a:150, 12705J2b1a:153, 263, 309.1C, 315.1C, 11278, 13533, 15601
Hap5007326Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneJ2b1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 11084, 16519
Hap5008112Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneJ2b1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 9299, 11152, 12092, 12279T, 16291, 16519
Hap5009048Fraumene et al., 2006J2b1a:15812J2b1a:199, 10286, 16519
Hap5009334Hartmann et al., 2008noneJ2b1a:199, 309.1C, 315.1C, 10286, 16519
Hap5012489Raule et al., 2014noneJ2b1a:315.1C, 10961, 16519
Hap5012888Raule et al., 2014noneJ2b1a:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5013445Raule et al., 2014noneJ2b1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 709, 5290, 14180, 16168, 16220, 16519
Hap5018365Gómez-Durán et al., 2011noneJ2b1a:315.1C, 8633, 16220T, 16519
Hap5019015Pala et al., 2012noneJ2b1a:315.1C, 16145, 16519
Hap5019018Pala et al., 2012noneJ2b1a:185, 315.1C, 3579, 3834, 9129, 9806, 14790, 16169, 16519
Hap5019023Pala et al., 2012noneJ2b1a:189, 309.1C, 315.1C, 12662, 16297, 16360, 16519
Hap5019024Pala et al., 2012noneJ2b1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 15319, 15511, 16213, 16274, 16399, 16519
Hap5022940Zheng et al., 2012J2b1a:146J2b1a:11084

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|