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Age: 22,546.5 ± 4,271.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: (960.1C) A8784G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: B5b
Descendant branch(s): B5b1a B5b1c


Haplogroup B5b1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 18,300 and 26,800 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup B5b1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 B5b1 960.1C 8784 11146 14470 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 B5b1 960.1C 8784 11146 14470 Released 14 Oct 2008
05 B5b1 (960.1C) 8784 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 B5b1 (960.1C) 8784 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 B5b1 (960.1C) 8784 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 B5b1 (960.1C) 8784 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 B5b1 (960.1C) 8784 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 B5b1 (960.1C) 8784 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 B5b1 (960.1C) 8784 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 B5b1 (960.1C) 8784 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 B5b1 (960.1C) 8784 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 B5b1 (960.XC) A8784G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 B5b1 (960.1C) A8784G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 B5b1 (960.1C) A8784G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 B5b1 (960.1C) A8784G Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup B5b1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5014607 Tanaka et al., 2004 B5b1:960.1C, 16278 B5b1:315.1C, 523-524d, 961, 8557, 9804, 12354, 16092, 16182C, 16183C
Hap5020674 Zhang X et al., 2013 B5b1:960.1C, 16311 B5b1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 1832, 3744, 4216, 6446, 14148, 14302, 16183C, 16519
Hap5022416 Zheng et al., 2011 B5b1:103, 960.1C, 15662 B5b1:207, 523-524d, 4418, 11518, 12585, 14384, 15172, 16183C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10044734Korea, SouthUnspecifiedUnspecifiedKorea, South

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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