Age: 22,470.0 ± 5,232.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C6960T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: B5a
Descendant branch(s): B5a1a B5a1b B5a1c B5a1d


Haplogroup B5a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 17,200 and 27,700 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup B5a1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01B5a13540 6960Released 27 Aug 2008
02B5a13540 6960Released 14 Oct 2008
05B5a16960Released 8 Jul 2009
06B5a16960Released 28 Sep 2009
07B5a16960Released 10 Nov 2009
08B5a16960Released 21 Mar 2010
09B5a16960Released 20 Jun 2010
10B5a16960Released 10 Aug 2010
11B5a16960Released 7 Feb 2011
12B5a16960Released 20 Jul 2011
13B5a16960Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14B5a1C6960TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15B5a1C6960TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16B5a1C6960TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17B5a1C6960TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup B5a1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5012182Phan et al., 2006aB5a1:709, 3537, 8281-8289d, 16129, 16140, 16266AB5a1:216G, 263, 523-524d, 1789, 6012, 6575, 6659, 6706G, 6707A, 6805, 7546, 11204, 14766, 16183C, 16249
Hap5015597Zou et al., 2010B5a1:152B5a1:204, 315.1C, 523-524d, 3316, 3892, 6755, 8727, 15236, 15885, 16092, 16172, 16183C, 16361, 16399

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10044643United StatesTaiwanUnspecifiedTaiwan

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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