Ads and affiliate links like this help support the Q-M242 project's efforts to test indigenous peoples. Please read the affiliateship and business disclaimers for details. You may also donate directly here.



Age: 27,651.6 ± 5,914.9; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: East Asia
Mutations: A210G A3537G A15235G C16266a
Parent Branch: B5
Descendant branch(s): B5a1 B5a2


Haplogroup B5a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 21,700 and 33,600 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: B5a
Age: 26,600 ± 11,400 Years Ago
Origin: East Asia
Blurb: This point in your ancestors' journey took place around 26,000 years ago. From its birthplace in southern East Asia, groups containing woman [sic] from this lineage have moved inland and into Southeast Asia. It is also present at lower frequencies in populations from the northern end of the Tamrin Basin.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic


mtDNA Haplogroup B5a Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01B5a210 3537 15235 16266AReleased 27 Aug 2008
02B5a210 3537 15235 16266AReleased 14 Oct 2008
03B5a210 3537 15235 16266AReleased 1 Mar 2009
05B5a210 3537 15235 16266AReleased 8 Jul 2009
06B5a210 3537 15235 16266AReleased 28 Sep 2009
07B5a210 3537 15235 16266AReleased 10 Nov 2009
08B5a210 3537 15235 16266AReleased 21 Mar 2010
09B5a210 3537 15235 16266AReleased 20 Jun 2010
10B5a210 3537 15235 16266AReleased 10 Aug 2010
11B5a210 3537 15235 16266AReleased 7 Feb 2011
12B5a210 3537 15235 16266AReleased 20 Jul 2011
13B5a210 3537 15235 16266AReleased 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14B5aA210G A3537G A15235G C16266aReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15B5aA210G A3537G A15235G C16266aReleased 30 Sep 2012
16B5aA210G A3537G A15235G C16266aReleased 19 Feb 2014
17B5aA210G A3537G A15235G C16266aReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup B5a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5011267Ko et al., 2014B5a:210, 8281-8289dB5a:189, 200, 294, 7001, 15229, 15287, 16189, 16260, 16274
Hap5011269Ko et al., 2014B5a:210, 8281-8289dB5a:189, 200, 294, 7001, 15229, 15287, 16189, 16260, 16274

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places:

Last Updated: Last updated: August 5, 2018 at 13:56 pm

2018-08-05T13:56:40+00:00June 6th, 2016|