Age: 19,634.4 ± 7,558.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T5093C A13269G G16129A!
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: B4
Descendant branch(s): B4h1


Haplogroup B4h is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 12,100 and 27,200 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup B4h Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

11B4h5093 13269Released 7 Feb 2011
12B4h5093 13269Released 20 Jul 2011
13B4h5093 13269Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14B4hT5093C A13269GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15B4hT5093C A13269G G16129A!Released 30 Sep 2012
16B4hT5093C A13269G G16129A!Released 19 Feb 2014
17B4hT5093C A13269G G16129A!Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup B4h Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5011420Ko et al., 2014B4h:8281-8289dB4h:93, 513, 5302, 9530, 14388, 14769, 16189, 16356, 16519
Hap5015601Zou et al., 2010B4h:16311B4h:309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 3395, 3736, 12007, 12130, 14122, 16182C, 16183C, 16291, 16362
Hap5018038Soares et al., 2011B4h:16261B4h:150, 523-524d, 5237, 8248, 14968, 16362, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10044616United StatesChinaUnspecifiedChina
Hap10044617United StatesChinaUnspecifiedChina

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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