Age: 15,163.2 ± 6,758.9; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Asia
Mutations: C9968T G16213A C16292T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: B4
Descendant branch(s): B4g1 B4g2


Haplogroup B4g is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 8,400 and 21,900 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic 2.0 Information

This information comes from the 2012 update of the National Geographic Genographic Project website.


mtDNA Haplogroup B4g – Geno 2.0 Author: Balanovsky, O. et al., 2011 Copyright: National Geographic
mtDNA Haplogroup B4g – Geno 2.0 Author: Balanovsky, O. et al., 2011 Copyright: National Geographic


Haplogroup: B4g
Age: To Be Determined
Origin: Asia
Blurb: This point in your maternal ancestors’ travels took place to the southeast of mainland Asia. Unlike many lineages that spread into the islands of Southeast Asia, this line is almost entirely restricted to the mainland.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup B4g Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01B4g9968 16292Released 27 Aug 2008
02B4g9968 16292Released 14 Oct 2008
05B4g5108 7789 9968 14905 16292Released 8 Jul 2009
06B4g5108 7789 9968 14905 16292Released 28 Sep 2009
07B4g5108 7789 9968 14905 16292Released 10 Nov 2009
08B4g5108 7789 9968 14905 16292Released 21 Mar 2010
09B4g5108 7789 9968 14905 16292Released 20 Jun 2010
10B4g5108 7789 9968 14905 16292Released 10 Aug 2010
11B4g5108 7789 9968 14905 16292Released 7 Feb 2011
12B4g5108 7789 9968 14905 16213 16292Released 20 Jul 2011
13B4g9968 16213 16292Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14B4gC9968T G16213A C16292TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15B4gC9968T G16213A C16292TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16B4gC9968T G16213A C16292TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17B4gC9968T G16213A C16292TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup B4g Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5011574Ko et al., 2014B4g:8281-8289dB4g:61A, 62, 1413, 2378, 6482, 7424, 9592G, 16095A, 16189, 16242, 16301
Hap5022401Zheng et al., 2011B4g:16129B4g:61, 62, 309N, 310, 329, 523-524d, 1462, 2378, 6482, 15951, 16181-16183d, 16301

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places: East Asia

Last Updated: Last updated: September 29, 2018 at 12:57 pm

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