Age: 8,375.8 ± 3,126.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C8844T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: B4c1a1a
Descendant branch(s): B4c1a1a1a


Haplogroup B4c1a1a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

mtDNA Haplogroup B4c1a1a1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01B4c1a18844 16086Released 27 Aug 2008
02B4c1a18844 16086Released 14 Oct 2008
05B4c1a18844Released 8 Jul 2009
06B4c1a18844Released 28 Sep 2009
07B4c1a18844Released 10 Nov 2009
08B4c1a18844Released 21 Mar 2010
09B4c1a18844Released 20 Jun 2010
10B4c1a18844Released 10 Aug 2010
11B4c1a18844Released 7 Feb 2011
12B4c1a18844Released 20 Jul 2011
13B4c1a18844Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14B4c1a1C8844TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15B4c1a1a1C8844TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16B4c1a1a1C8844TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17B4c1a1a1C8844TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup B4c1a1a1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5014621Tanaka et al., 2004noneB4c1a1a1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 348, 351C, 368, 380C, 382G, 385T, 506, 524.1AC, 3963A, 10972, 16182C, 16183C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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