B4d1

Summary

Age: 15,544.4 ± 6,017.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Variants: A15038G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: B4d
Descendant branch(s): B4d1a

YFull Info

Name: B4d1
Age: 32300 to 20500 ybp [95% CI]
Expansion: 27200 to 18100 ybp [95% CI]
 Variants: A15038G

Note: This information does not imply an endorsement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.

Haplogroup B4d1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 9,500 and 21,600 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup B4d1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
01 B4d1 316 4092 15038 16527 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 B4d1 316 4092 15038 16527 Released 14 Oct 2008
05 B4d1 316 15038 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 B4d1 316 15038 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 B4d1 316 15038 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 B4d1 316 15038 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 B4d1 316 15038 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 B4d1 316 15038 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 B4d1 15038 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 B4d1 15038 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 B4d1 15038 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 B4d1 A15038G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 B4d1 A15038G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 B4d1 A15038G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 B4d1 A15038G Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup B4d1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing results over to build 17.

Hg IDOriginPublicationHg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFullMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5008053 - Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 B4d1 - B4d1:152 B4d1:310d, 316d, 319, 385, 9947, 15779, 16172, 16183C, 16274
Hap5012048 Japan Nohira et al., 2009 B4d1 B4d1* none B4d1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 316, 12372, 15262, 16172, 16183C, 16287
Hap5016667 Yang et al., 2009a B4d1 B4d1* none B4d1:185, 189, 489, 10680, 13449, 14239, 14484
Hap5016767 Yu et al., 2010a B4d1 B4d1* none B4d1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 316, 3460, 4092, 6413, 8450, 8745, 16183C, 16291
Hap5016973 Wang CY et al., 2011 B4d1 B4d1* none B4d1:55, 56, 207, 309.1C, 315.1C, 6718N, 13708, 14040, 16183C, 16215T
Hap5016974 Wang CY et al., 2011 B4d1 B4d1* none B4d1:55, 56, 207, 309.1C, 315.1C, 6718N, 13708, 14040, 15332N, 16183C, 16215T
Hap5016975 Wang CY et al., 2011 B4d1 B4d1* none B4d1:55, 56, 207, 309.1C, 315.1C, 13708, 14040, 14288N, 16183C, 16215T
Hap5022118 China, People's Republic of Kong et al., 2003 B4d1 B4d1* none B4d1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 316, 4092, 16183C, 16527
Hap5022397 Zheng et al., 2011 B4d1 none B4d1:200, 310N, 316, 6287, 13419, 16182C, 16183C

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

   

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

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