Ads and affiliate links like this help support the Q-M242 project's efforts to test indigenous peoples. Please read the affiliateship and business disclaimers for details. You may also donate directly here.



Age: 15,544.4 ± 6,017.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A15038G
Parent Branch: B4d
Descendant branch(s): B4d1a


Haplogroup B4d1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 9,500 and 21,600 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup B4d1 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01B4d1316 4092 15038 16527Released 27 Aug 2008
02B4d1316 4092 15038 16527Released 14 Oct 2008
05B4d1316 15038Released 8 Jul 2009
06B4d1316 15038Released 28 Sep 2009
07B4d1316 15038Released 10 Nov 2009
08B4d1316 15038Released 21 Mar 2010
09B4d1316 15038Released 20 Jun 2010
10B4d1316 15038Released 10 Aug 2010
11B4d115038Released 7 Feb 2011
12B4d115038Released 20 Jul 2011
13B4d115038Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14B4d1A15038GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15B4d1A15038GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16B4d1A15038GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17B4d1A15038GReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup B4d1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5008053Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016B4d1:152B4d1:310d, 316d, 319, 385, 9947, 15779, 16172, 16183C, 16274
Hap5012048Nohira et al., 2009noneB4d1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 316, 12372, 15262, 16172, 16183C, 16287
Hap5016667Yang et al., 2009anoneB4d1:185, 189, 489, 10680, 13449, 14239, 14484
Hap5016767Yu et al., 2010anoneB4d1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 316, 3460, 4092, 6413, 8450, 8745, 16183C, 16291
Hap5016973Wang CY et al., 2011noneB4d1:55, 56, 207, 309.1C, 315.1C, 6718N, 13708, 14040, 16183C, 16215T
Hap5016974Wang CY et al., 2011noneB4d1:55, 56, 207, 309.1C, 315.1C, 6718N, 13708, 14040, 15332N, 16183C, 16215T
Hap5016975Wang CY et al., 2011noneB4d1:55, 56, 207, 309.1C, 315.1C, 13708, 14040, 14288N, 16183C, 16215T
Hap5022118Kong et al., 2003noneB4d1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 316, 4092, 16183C, 16527
Hap5022397Zheng et al., 2011noneB4d1:200, 310N, 316, 6287, 13419, 16182C, 16183C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places:

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 June 6th, 2016|