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Age: 1,680.6 ± 9,070.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C13599T T16311C!
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: B4b1a2
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup B4b1a2c is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 10,800 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup B4b1a2c Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
11 B4b1a2c 13599 16311 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 B4b1a2c 13599 16311 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 B4b1a2c 13599 16311 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 B4b1a2c C13599T T16311C! Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 B4b1a2c C13599T T16311C! Released 30 Sep 2012
16 B4b1a2c C13599T T16311C! Released 19 Feb 2014
17 B4b1a2c C13599T T16311C! Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup B4b1a2c Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5017090 Gunnarsdóttir et al., 2011a B4b1a2c:7521 B4b1a2c:286N, 523-524d, 2457N, 5752N, 7518-7559d, 8443N, 8931N, 8932N, 12385N, 12418N, 14504N, 16183C
Hap5017094 Gunnarsdóttir et al., 2011a none B4b1a2c:310d, 523-524d, 16183C
Hap5017114 Gunnarsdóttir et al., 2011a none B4b1a2c:310d, 523-524d, 11809, 16183C
Hap5017117 Gunnarsdóttir et al., 2011a B4b1a2c:499, 827 B4b1a2c:310d, 499N, 523-524d, 827N, 11809, 16183C
Hap5017118 Gunnarsdóttir et al., 2011a B4b1a2c:827 B4b1a2c:310d, 523-524d, 709N, 827N, 11809, 16183C
Hap5017120 Gunnarsdóttir et al., 2011a none B4b1a2c:257N, 310d, 523-524d, 11809, 16182N, 16183C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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