Ads and affiliate links like this help support the Q-M242 project's efforts to test indigenous peoples. Please read the affiliateship and business disclaimers for details. You may also donate directly here.

B2d

Summary

Age: 2,898.3 ± 2,847.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C498d A4122G A4123G T8875C T9682C
Parent Branch: B2
Descendant branch(s):

Background

Haplogroup B2d is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

mtDNA Haplogroup B2d Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build#CalledMutationsNotes
01B2d4122 4123 8875 9682Released 27 Aug 2008
02B2d4122 4123 8875 9682Released 14 Oct 2008
05B2d4122 4123 8875 9682Released 8 Jul 2009
06B2d4122 4123 8875 9682Released 28 Sep 2009
07B2d4122 4123 8875 9682Released 10 Nov 2009
08B2d4122 4123 8875 9682Released 21 Mar 2010
09B2d4122 4123 8875 9682Released 20 Jun 2010
10B2d4122 4123 8875 9682Released 10 Aug 2010
11B2d4122 4123 8875 9682Released 7 Feb 2011
12B2d4122 4123 8875 9682Released 20 Jul 2011
13B2d4122 4123 8875 9682Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14B2dA4122G A4123G T8875C T9682CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15B2dA4122G A4123G T8875C T9682CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16B2dC498d A4122G A4123G T8875C T9682CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17B2dC498d A4122G A4123G T8875C T9682CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup B2d Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5002006Behar et al., 2012bnoneB2d:309.1C, 315.1C, 4113, 11075, 16183C
Hap5014565Tamm et al., 2007noneB2d:309.1C, 315.1C, 3786, 16183C
Hap5014569Tamm et al., 2007noneB2d:309.1CC, 315.1C, 16183C
Hap5014570Tamm et al., 2007noneB2d:309.1CC, 315.1C, 16183C
Hap5022316Zheng et al., 2012B2d:152B2d:310N, 8659, 16183C, 16360
Hap5022317Zheng et al., 2012noneB2d:16183C
Hap5022318Zheng et al., 2012noneB2d:14462N, 16183C, 16256
Hap5022319Zheng et al., 2012noneB2d:9548, 16179, 16183C
Hap5022320Zheng et al., 2012noneB2d:16183C
Hap5022321Zheng et al., 2012noneB2d:9548, 16179, 16183C
Hap5022322Zheng et al., 2012B2d:10398B2d:524.1AC, 9725, 16183C
Hap5022323Zheng et al., 2012B2d:4123B2d:315.1C, 16183C
Hap5022324Zheng et al., 2012B2d:16187B2d:16187d
Hap5022325Zheng et al., 2012B2d:4122B2d:2056, 4122N, 7269, 16189N
Hap5022326Zheng et al., 2012B2d:4122, 4123, 16187B2d:150, 13928C, 16187d
Hap5022327Zheng et al., 2012noneB2d:143, 16183C
Hap5022328Zheng et al., 2012B2d:11914B2d:14798N, 16183C
Hap5022329Zheng et al., 2012noneB2d:143, 16183C
Hap5022330Zheng et al., 2012B2d:10398B2d:315.1C, 524.1AC, 9725, 16183C
Hap5022331Zheng et al., 2012noneB2d:310N, 16183C
Hap5022332Zheng et al., 2012noneB2d:13038, 16183C
Hap5022333Zheng et al., 2012noneB2d:2056, 7269, 16182-16183d
Hap5022334Zheng et al., 2012noneB2d:310N, 2056, 7269, 11884, 16182-16183d
Hap5022335Zheng et al., 2012noneB2d:16183C
Hap5022336Zheng et al., 2012noneB2d:2056, 7269, 16182C, 16183C
Hap5022337Zheng et al., 2012B2d:10398B2d:9725, 11225, 16183C
Hap5022338Zheng et al., 2012noneB2d:310d, 2056, 7269, 16182C, 16183C
Hap5022339Zheng et al., 2012noneB2d:2056, 7269, 16182C, 16183d

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10043726ColombiaColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043727ColombiaColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043728ColombiaColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043729ColombiaColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043730ColombiaColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043731ColombiaColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043732ColombiaColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043733ColombiaColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043734ColombiaColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043735ColombiaColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043736ColombiaColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043737ColombiaColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043738ColombiaColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043739ColombiaColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043740ColombiaColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043741ColombiaColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043742ColombiaColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043743ColombiaColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043744ColombiaColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043745ColombiaColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043746ColombiaColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043747ColombiaColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043748ColombiaColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043749ColombiaColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043750ColombiaColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043751ColombiaColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043752ColombiaColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043753ColombiaColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043754ColombiaColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043755PanamaColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043756PeruColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043757United StatesColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043758United StatesColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043759United StatesColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043760United StatesColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043761United StatesColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043762UnspecifiedColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043763GuatemalaGuatemalaColombiaColombia
Hap10043764ColombiaUnspecifiedColombiaColombia
Hap10043765Costa RicaCosta RicaCosta RicaCosta Rica
Hap10043766Costa RicaCosta RicaCosta RicaCosta Rica
Hap10043767United StatesCubaCubaCuba
Hap10043768United StatesEl SalvadorEl SalvadorEl Salvador
Hap10043769United StatesHondurasHondurasHonduras
Hap10043770NicaraguaNicaraguaNicaraguaNicaragua
Hap10043771UnspecifiedNicaraguaNicaraguaNicaragua
Hap10043772PanamaPanamaPanamaPanama
Hap10043773PanamaPanamaPanamaPanama
Hap10043774United StatesPanamaPanamaPanama
Hap10043775United StatesUnited StatesPanamaPanama
Hap10043776ColombiaColombiaUnspecifiedColombia
Hap10043777ColombiaColombiaUnspecifiedColombia
Hap10043778ColombiaColombiaUnspecifiedColombia
Hap10043779ColombiaColombiaUnspecifiedColombia
Hap10043780United StatesColombiaUnspecifiedColombia
Hap10043781United StatesColombiaUnspecifiedColombia
Hap10043782United StatesColombiaUnspecifiedColombia
Hap10043783Costa RicaCosta RicaUnspecifiedCosta Rica
Hap10043784Costa RicaCosta RicaUnspecifiedCosta Rica
Hap10043785PanamaPanamaUnspecifiedPanama
Hap10043786ColombiaUnspecifiedUnspecifiedColombia
Hap10043787ColombiaUnspecifiedUnspecifiedColombia
Hap10043788ColombiaUnspecifiedUnspecifiedColombia
Hap10043789ColombiaUnspecifiedUnspecifiedColombia
Hap10043790ColombiaUnspecifiedUnspecifiedColombia
Hap10043791ColombiaUnspecifiedUnspecifiedColombia
Hap10043792NicaraguaUnspecifiedUnspecifiedNicaragua
Hap10043793PanamaUnspecifiedUnspecifiedPanama
Hap10043794United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10043795UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043796UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043797UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043798UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043799UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043800UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043801UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043802UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043803UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043804UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043805UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043806UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043807UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043808UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043809UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043810UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043811UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043812UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043813UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043814UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043815UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043816UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043817UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043818UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043819UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043820UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043821UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043822UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043823UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043824UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043825UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043826UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043827UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043828UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043829UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043830UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043831UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043832UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043833UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043834UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043835UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043836UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043837UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043838UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043839UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043840UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043841UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043842UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043843UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043844UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043845UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043846UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043847UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043848UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043849UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043850UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043851UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043852UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043853UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043854UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043855UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043856UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043857UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043858UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043859UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043860UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043861UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043862UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043863UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043864UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043865UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043866UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043867UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043868UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043869UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043870UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043871UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043872UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043873UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043874VenezuelaUnspecifiedUnspecifiedVenezuela
Hap10043875VenezuelaVenezuelaVenezuelaVenezuela
Hap10043876VenezuelaVenezuelaVenezuelaVenezuela

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Keywords

Peoples: | Places:

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 June 6th, 2016|