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Age: 5,837.3 ± 3,918.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T9098C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: B2c
Descendant branch(s): B2c1a B2c1b B2c1c


Haplogroup B2c1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 1,900 and 9,800 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup B2c1 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01B2c19098Released 27 Aug 2008
02B2c19098Released 14 Oct 2008
05B2c19098Released 8 Jul 2009
06B2c19098Released 28 Sep 2009
07B2c19098Released 10 Nov 2009
08B2c19098Released 21 Mar 2010
09B2c19098Released 20 Jun 2010
10B2c19098Released 10 Aug 2010
11B2c19098Released 7 Feb 2011
12B2c19098Released 20 Jul 2011
13B2c19098Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14B2c1T9098CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15B2c1T9098CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16B2c1T9098CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17B2c1T9098CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup B2c1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5010438Just et al., 2008noneB2c1:309.1C, 315.1C, 16182C, 16183C, 16193.1N
Hap5010439Just et al., 2008noneB2c1:309.1CCN, 315.1C, 3316, 8247, 10978, 12223, 12561, 12732, 16182C, 16183C, 16193.1N
Hap5017725noneB2c1:94, 315.1C, 16182C, 16183C, 16362

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10043647United StatesMexicoMexicoMexico
Hap10043648United StatesMexicoMexicoMexico
Hap10043649United StatesUnited StatesMexicoMexico
Hap10043650United StatesMexicoUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10043651United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10043652United StatesCosta RicaUnspecifiedCosta Rica
Hap10043653United StatesMexicoUnspecifiedMexico
Hap10043654United StatesMexicoUnspecifiedMexico

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|

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