Age: 9,226.9 ± 5,093.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Variants: A7241G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: B2
Descendant branch(s): B2c1 B2c2

YFull Info

Name: B2c
Age: 17700 to 16500 ybp [95% CI]
Expansion: 17200 to 9700 ybp [95% CI]
 Variants: A7241G

Note: This information does not imply an endorsement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.

Haplogroup B2c is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 4,100 and 14,300 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup B2c Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
01 B2c 7241 16182C Released 27 Aug 2008
02 B2c 7241 16182C Released 14 Oct 2008
05 B2c 7241 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 B2c 7241 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 B2c 7241 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 B2c 7241 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 B2c 7241 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 B2c 7241 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 B2c 7241 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 B2c 7241 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 B2c 7241 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 B2c A7241G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 B2c A7241G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 B2c A7241G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 B2c A7241G Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup B2c Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing results over to build 17.

Hg IDOriginPublicationHg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFullMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5010436 Just et al., 2008 B2c B2c* none B2c:309.1CCN, 315.1C, 7849, 14178, 16182C, 16183C, 16193.1N
Hap5022314 Zheng et al., 2012 B2c B2c:152, 16187 B2c:183, 7849, 14178, 16187d

Sources & Resources

Related Sources


Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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