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B2

Summary

Age: 16,818.5 ± 2,619.9; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: The Americas
Mutations: A3547G T4977C C6473T T9950C C11177T
Parent Branch: B4b
Descendant branch(s): B2a B2b B2c B2d B2e B2f B2g B2h B2i B2j B2k B2l B2m B2n B2o B2p B2q B2r B2s B2t B2u B2v B2w B2x B2y

Background

Haplogroup B2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. It is a daughter of the B4b branch. The woman who founded this line lived about 17,000 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

Origin

This lineage was likely born in the Americas. Its closest relatives outside of the Americas are from Southeast Asia. This alongside its absence in Alaska and much of Canada makes its path to the Americas something of a puzzle.

Age

Behar et al., 2012b placed the birth of the A lineage between 14,200 and 19,400 years ago. This means the line was born in the Upper Paleolithic. At the time, people were using stone tools.

Ancient DNA

In the Americas, several B4'5 samples from ancient DNA extracted from teeth found in northwestern North America have been found. (Malhi et al., 2004) These are likely from the B2 branch.

  • Northern Plateau
    • Plateau Salish (Salisham language family) 6 out of 11 samples dating to about 200 BP
  • Southern Plateau
    • Plateau Sahaptian (Sahaptian language family) 4 out of 8 samples dating to about 200 BP
    • Wishram (Chinook language family) 17 out of 33 samples dating to about 200 BP

Timeline

Coming Soon

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Modern Populations

Today, this Native American line is found only in the Americas. Its frequency is low to absent in Northern Canada and Alaska. It has a strong frequency peak on the eastern coast of North America.

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Information

This information comes from the 2012 update of the National Geographic Genographic Project website.

Map

mtDNA Haplogroup B2 – Geno 2.0 Author: Balanovsky, O. et al., 2011 Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup B2 – Geno 2.0 Author: Balanovsky, O. et al., 2011 Copyright: National Geographic

Text

Haplogroup: B2
Age: Over 15,000 Years Ago
Origin: the Americas
Blurb: This point was born at least 15,000 years ago during the last glacial maximum. From its birthplace in the Americas, this lineage spread along the coastline of North America and into South America.Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup B2 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build#CalledMutationsNotes
01B23547 4977 6473 9950 11177Released 27 Aug 2008
02B23547 4977 6473 9950 11177Released 14 Oct 2008
05B23547 4977 6473 9950 11177Released 8 Jul 2009
06B23547 4977 6473 9950 11177Released 28 Sep 2009
07B23547 4977 6473 9950 11177Released 10 Nov 2009
08B23547 4977 6473 9950 11177Released 21 Mar 2010
09B23547 4977 6473 9950 11177Released 20 Jun 2010
10B23547 4977 6473 9950 11177Released 10 Aug 2010
11B23547 4977 6473 9950 11177Released 7 Feb 2011
12B23547 4977 6473 9950 11177Released 20 Jul 2011
13B23547 4977 6473 9950 11177Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14B2A3547G T4977C C6473T T9950C C11177TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15B2A3547G T4977C C6473T T9950C C11177TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16B2A3547G T4977C C6473T T9950C C11177TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17B2A3547G T4977C C6473T T9950C C11177TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup B2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001680Behar et al., 2012bB2:10915B2:185, 189, 210, 310, 5301, 13437, 15148, 15951, 16183C
Hap5004899Behar et al., 2012bB2:8281-8289dB2:63, 64, 309.1C, 315.1C, 4960, 6221, 8277, 8279, 8280C, 8286, 8288, 15355, 15731, 16183C
Hap5005239Behar et al., 2012bB2:16278B2:200, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 4038, 8994, 15734, 15924, 16183C
Hap5007096Fagundes et al., 2008B2:152B2:103, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 5978, 7498, 8715A, 14470, 16093, 16241
Hap5007097Fagundes et al., 2008noneB2:309.1C, 315.1C, 12618, 16168, 16183C, 16193.1CC
Hap5007098Fagundes et al., 2008noneB2:207, 302C, 309d, 315.1C, 569, 606, 12192, 16183C, 16319, 16390
Hap5007104Fagundes et al., 2008B2:16311B2:315.1C, 523-524d, 3615, 4232, 7227T, 7251, 16183C, 16319, 16354, 16524
Hap5007188Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneB2:63, 64, 309.1C, 315.1C, 4960, 6221, 15355, 15731, 16183C
Hap5009394Hartmann et al., 2008B2:499B2:309.1CC, 315.1C, 3760G, 5095, 7813, 15265, 16150, 16183C
Hap5014554Tamm et al., 2007B2:16311B2:185, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 4502, 6305, 7756, 7792A, 9554, 16169, 16183C, 16268
Hap5014567Tamm et al., 2007noneB2:309.1CC, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 2361, 4245, 7471d, 9995, 16183C, 16295, 16301
Hap5015710Achilli et al., 2008noneB2:309.1CC, 315.1C, 5746, 6833, 8251, 14110, 15670, 15892, 16173, 16183C, 16352
Hap5017720B2:152B2:309.1C, 316C, 523-524d, 9188C, 11425, 16182C, 16183C, 16234, 16235, 16309
Hap5017722B2:152B2:309.1CC, 316d, 9188C, 9682, 11425, 16182C, 16183C, 16234, 16235, 16309
Hap5017724noneB2:106-111d, 194, 315.1CCC, 356.1C, 573.1XC, 6896, 16179, 16182C, 16183C
Hap5017728B2:152, 10688B2:71, 309.1C, 315.1C, 482, 5423, 12406, 13015, 16183C
Hap5017733B2:16278B2:315.1C, 2702, 4973G, 10914, 11893, 12678, 15218, 15924, 16183C, 16260, 16390
Hap5017748B2:16278B2:309.1C, 315.1C, 4853, 11611T, 15450, 16183C
Hap5022302Zheng et al., 2012B2:499, 16187B2:499N, 8875, 9682, 16187d
Hap5022303Zheng et al., 2012B2:152, 2885B2:55.1T, 59-60d, 143, 308, 310d, 593, 1719, 9221T, 16182C, 16183d
Hap5022304Zheng et al., 2012noneB2:315.1C, 1619, 4890, 13434, 16093, 16148, 16183d, 16186, 16292

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10043046United StatesArgentinaArgentinaArgentina
Hap10043047United StatesArgentinaArgentinaArgentina
Hap10043048BoliviaBoliviaBoliviaBolivia
Hap10043049United StatesBoliviaBoliviaBolivia
Hap10043050BrazilBrazilBrazilBrazil
Hap10043051BrazilBrazilBrazilBrazil
Hap10043052BrazilBrazilBrazilBrazil
Hap10043053BrazilBrazilBrazilBrazil
Hap10043054BrazilBrazilBrazilBrazil
Hap10043055BrazilBrazilBrazilBrazil
Hap10043056BrazilBrazilBrazilBrazil
Hap10043057BrazilBrazilBrazilBrazil
Hap10043058United KingdomBrazilBrazilBrazil
Hap10043059United StatesBrazilBrazilBrazil
Hap10043060United StatesBrazilBrazilBrazil
Hap10043061ChileChileChileChile
Hap10043062ChileChileChileChile
Hap10043063United StatesChileChileChile
Hap10043064ColombiaColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043065ColombiaColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043066ColombiaColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043067ColombiaColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043068United StatesColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043069United StatesColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043070VenezuelaColombiaColombiaColombia
Hap10043071United StatesCubaCubaCuba
Hap10043072United StatesCubaCubaCuba
Hap10043073EcuadorEcuadorEcuadorEcuador
Hap10043074EcuadorEcuadorEcuadorEcuador
Hap10043075United StatesUnited StatesGermanyGermany
Hap10043076GuatemalaGuatemalaGuatemalaGuatemala
Hap10043077GuatemalaGuatemalaGuatemalaGuatemala
Hap10043078United StatesGuatemalaGuatemalaGuatemala
Hap10043079CanadaGuyanaGuyanaGuyana
Hap10043080GuyanaGuyanaGuyanaGuyana
Hap10043081United StatesHondurasHondurasHonduras
Hap10043082BoliviaBoliviaItalyItaly
Hap10043083BrazilBrazilItalyItaly
Hap10043084MexicoMexicoItalyItaly
Hap10043085MexicoMexicoMexicoMexico
Hap10043086MexicoMexicoMexicoMexico
Hap10043087MexicoMexicoMexicoMexico
Hap10043088MexicoMexicoMexicoMexico
Hap10043089MexicoMexicoMexicoMexico
Hap10043090MexicoMexicoMexicoMexico
Hap10043091MexicoMexicoMexicoMexico
Hap10043092MexicoMexicoMexicoMexico
Hap10043093MexicoMexicoMexicoMexico
Hap10043094MexicoMexicoMexicoMexico
Hap10043095MexicoMexicoMexicoMexico
Hap10043096United StatesMexicoMexicoMexico
Hap10043097United StatesMexicoMexicoMexico
Hap10043098United StatesMexicoMexicoMexico
Hap10043099United StatesMexicoMexicoMexico
Hap10043100United StatesMexicoMexicoMexico
Hap10043101United StatesMexicoMexicoMexico
Hap10043102United StatesMexicoMexicoMexico
Hap10043103United StatesMexicoMexicoMexico
Hap10043104United StatesUnited StatesMexicoMexico
Hap10043105United StatesUnited StatesMexicoMexico
Hap10043106United StatesUnited StatesMexicoMexico
Hap10043107United StatesUnited StatesMexicoMexico
Hap10043108United StatesUnited StatesMexicoMexico
Hap10043109United StatesUnited StatesMexicoMexico
Hap10043110United StatesUnited StatesMexicoMexico
Hap10043111United StatesParaguayParaguayParaguay
Hap10043112ColombiaPeruPeruPeru
Hap10043113PeruPeruPeruPeru
Hap10043114PeruPeruPeruPeru
Hap10043115PeruPeruPeruPeru
Hap10043116PeruPeruPeruPeru
Hap10043117PeruPeruPeruPeru
Hap10043118United StatesPeruPeruPeru
Hap10043119United StatesPeruPeruPeru
Hap10043120United StatesUnited StatesPeruPeru
Hap10043121United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10043122United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10043123United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10043124United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10043125United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10043126United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10043127United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10043128United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10043129United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10043130United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10043131United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10043132United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10043133United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10043134United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10043135United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10043136United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10043137United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10043138United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10043139United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10043140United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10043141United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10043142United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10043143AustraliaBoliviaUnspecifiedBolivia
Hap10043144BrazilBrazilUnspecifiedBrazil
Hap10043145BrazilBrazilUnspecifiedBrazil
Hap10043146ChileChileUnspecifiedChile
Hap10043147PanamaChileUnspecifiedChile
Hap10043148ColombiaColombiaUnspecifiedColombia
Hap10043149CubaCubaUnspecifiedCuba
Hap10043150CubaCubaUnspecifiedCuba
Hap10043151EcuadorEcuadorUnspecifiedEcuador
Hap10043152MexicoMexicoUnspecifiedMexico
Hap10043153MexicoMexicoUnspecifiedMexico
Hap10043154United StatesMexicoUnspecifiedMexico
Hap10043155United StatesMexicoUnspecifiedMexico
Hap10043156United StatesMexicoUnspecifiedMexico
Hap10043157PeruPeruUnspecifiedPeru
Hap10043158PeruPeruUnspecifiedPeru
Hap10043159PeruPeruUnspecifiedPeru
Hap10043160MexicoUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10043161United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10043162United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10043163United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10043164United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10043165United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10043166United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10043167United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10043168United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10043169United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10043170United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10043171United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10043172United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10043173United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10043174United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10043175United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10043176GuatemalaUnspecifiedUnspecifiedGuatemala
Hap10043177ArgentinaUnspecifiedUnspecifiedArgentina
Hap10043178BrazilUnspecifiedUnspecifiedBrazil
Hap10043179ColombiaUnspecifiedUnspecifiedColombia
Hap10043180GuatemalaUnspecifiedUnspecifiedGuatemala
Hap10043181MexicoUnspecifiedUnspecifiedMexico
Hap10043182UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043183PeruUnspecifiedUnspecifiedPeru
Hap10043184United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10043185United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10043186United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10043187UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043188UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043189UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043190UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043191UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043192UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043193UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043194UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043195UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043196UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043197UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043198UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043199UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043200UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043201UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043202UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043203UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043204UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043205UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043206UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043207UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043208UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043209UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043210UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043211UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043212UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043213UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043214UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043215UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043216UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043217UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043218UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043219UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043220UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043221UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043222UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043223UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043224UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043225UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043226UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043227UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043228UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043229UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043230UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043231UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043232UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043233UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043234UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043235UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043236UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043237UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043238UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043239UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043240UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043241UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043242UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043243UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043244UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043245UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043246UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043247UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043248UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043249UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043250UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043251UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043252UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043253UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043254UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043255UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043256UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043257UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043258UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043259UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043260UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043261UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043262UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043263UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043264UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043265UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043266UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043267UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043268UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043269UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043270UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043271UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043272UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043273UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043274UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043275UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043276UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043277UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043278UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043279UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043280UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043281UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043282UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043283UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043284UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043285UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043286UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043287UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043288UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043289UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043290UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043291UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043292UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043293UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043294UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043295UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043296UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043297UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043298UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043299UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043300UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043301UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043302UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043303UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043304UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043305UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043306UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043307UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043308UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043309UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043310UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043311UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043312UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043313UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043314UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043315UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043316UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10043317VenezuelaVenezuelaVenezuelaVenezuela

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Keywords

Peoples: Native Americans | Places: North America and South America

Last Updated: Last updated: October 5, 2018 at 16:16 pm

2018-10-05T16:16:51+00:00June 6th, 2016|
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