Age: 19,721.5 ± 5,093.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Variants: G709A
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: B4a1
Descendant branch(s): B4a1c1 B4a1c2 B4a1c3 B4a1c4 B4a1c5

YFull Info

Name: B4a1c

Age: 30900 to 20600 ybp [95% CI]

Expansion: 28000 to 18500 ybp [95% CI]

Variants: G709A

Note: This information does not imply an endorcement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.


Haplogroup B4a1c is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 14,600 and 24,800 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup B4a1c Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
01 B4a1c 709 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 B4a1c 709 Released 14 Oct 2008
05 B4a1c 709 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 B4a1c 709 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 B4a1c 709 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 B4a1c 709 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 B4a1c 709 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 B4a1c 709 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 B4a1c 709 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 B4a1c 709 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 B4a1c 709 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 B4a1c G709A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 B4a1c G709A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 B4a1c G709A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 B4a1c G709A Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup B4a1c Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Origin Publication Hg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFull Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5011251 Ko et al., 2014 B4a1c B4a1c6 B4a1c:8281-8289d, 10915, 16129 B4a1c:2380, 8603, 12792, 15766C, 16189

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10044331 United States Vietnam China China
Hap10044332 Australia Malaysia Unspecified Malaysia
Hap10044333 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10044334 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10044335 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10044336 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10044337 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places:

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

you're currently offline