Age: 6,404.7 ± 3,750.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: East Asia
Mutations: G9932A T10915C! T13143C T16288C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: B4a1
Descendant branch(s): B4a1b1


Haplogroup B4a1b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 2,700 and 10,200 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic 2.0 Information

This information comes from the 2012 update of the National Geographic Genographic Project website.


mtDNA Haplogroup B4a1b – Geno 2.0 Author: Balanovsky, O. et al., 2011 Copyright: National Geographic
mtDNA Haplogroup B4a1b – Geno 2.0 Author: Balanovsky, O. et al., 2011 Copyright: National Geographic


Haplogroup: B4a1b
Age: 6,200 ± 5,250 Years Ago
Origin: East Asia
Blurb: This branch was born around 6,000 years ago along the eastern coast of Asia. It is almost completely restricted to populations in modern North and South Korea.Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup B4a1b Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01B4a1b9932 10915 13143 16268 16288 16311Released 27 Aug 2008
02B4a1b9932 10915 13143 16268 16288 16311Released 14 Oct 2008
05B4a1b9932 10915 13143 16288Released 8 Jul 2009
06B4a1b9932 10915 13143 16288Released 28 Sep 2009
07B4a1b9932 10915 13143 16288Released 10 Nov 2009
08B4a1b9932 10915 13143 16288Released 21 Mar 2010
09B4a1b9932 10915 13143 16288Released 20 Jun 2010
10B4a1b9932 10915 13143 16288Released 10 Aug 2010
11B4a1b9932 10915 13143 16288Released 7 Feb 2011
12B4a1b9932 10915 13143 16288Released 20 Jul 2011
13B4a1b9932 10915 13143 16288Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14B4a1bG9932A T10915C! T13143C T16288CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15B4a1bG9932A T10915C! T13143C T16288CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16B4a1bG9932A T10915C! T13143C T16288CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17B4a1bG9932A T10915C! T13143C T16288CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup B4a1b Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5014918Tanaka et al., 2004noneB4a1b:315.1C, 523-524d, 8251, 15936, 16182C, 16183C, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10044328United StatesUnited StatesJapanJapan

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: September 29, 2018 at 11:51 am

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