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O

Summary

Age: 52,053.6 ± 6,392.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Southeast Asia
Mutations: G6755A C9140T G16213A
Parent Branch: N
Descendant branch(s): O1

Background

Haplogroup O is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 45,700 and 58,400 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: O
Age: About 51,000 Years Ago
Origin: Southeast Asia
Blurb: This branch in your maternal ancestors' journey marks the point where groups traveled to Sahul, the landmass that once connected New Guinea and Australia. Your ancestors journeyed along the coastlines of Southeast Asia to reach Sahul. When the Paleolithic period ended and climate change led to higher sea levels, the land connecting what are now islands became submerged.

Today, geneticists have found this lineage exclusively in modern native Australian populations.

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Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup O Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build#CalledMutationsNotes
06O6755 9140 16213Released 28 Sep 2009
07O6755 9140 16213Released 10 Nov 2009
08O6755 9140 16213Released 21 Mar 2010
09O6755 9140 16213Released 20 Jun 2010
10O6755 9140 16213Released 10 Aug 2010
11O6755 9140 16213Released 7 Feb 2011
12O6755 9140 16213Released 20 Jul 2011
13O6755 9140 16213Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14OG6755A C9140T G16213AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15OG6755A C9140T G16213AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16OG6755A C9140T G16213AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17OG6755A C9140T G16213AReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup O Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5010159Ingman et al., 2000O:16189, 16311O:44.1C, 309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 547, 794, 1536, 4824, 5206, 5836, 5894C, 5899.1XC, 8392, 8842C, 13708, 13967, 15258, 15790, 16145, 16183C, 16193.1C, 16292, 16294, 16325, 16368

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10072335AustraliaAustraliaAustraliaAustralia

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Keywords

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Last Updated: Last updated: August 25, 2018 at 20:06 pm

2018-08-25T20:06:12+00:00June 6th, 2016|