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Age: 4,929.5 ± 2,789.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T12161C
Parent Branch: Y2
Descendant branch(s): Y2a1


Haplogroup Y2a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 2,100 and 7,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup Y2a Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

06Y2a12161Released 28 Sep 2009
07Y2a12161Released 10 Nov 2009
08Y2a12161Released 21 Mar 2010
09Y2a12161Released 20 Jun 2010
10Y2a12161Released 10 Aug 2010
11Y2a12161Released 7 Feb 2011
12Y2a12161Released 20 Jul 2011
13Y2a12161Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14Y2aT12161CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15Y2aT12161CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16Y2aT12161CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17Y2aT12161CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup Y2a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5007038Delfin et al., 2014noneY2a:309.1CN, 310, 12857N, 16093
Hap5011151Ko et al., 2014noneY2a:4824, 16519
Hap5011168Ko et al., 2014noneY2a:4824, 16519
Hap5011532Ko et al., 2014noneY2a:3882, 16519
Hap5014502Tabbada et al., 2010noneY2a:309.1C, 315.1C, 7786, 11512A, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10101418United StatesPhilippinesUnspecifiedPhilippines

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|