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Age: 13,369.7 ± 4,110.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C16294T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: N9b
Descendant branch(s): N9b2a


Haplogroup N9b2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 9,300 and 17,500 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup N9b2 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01N9b241 16294 16309Released 27 Aug 2008
02N9b241 16294 16309Released 14 Oct 2008
03N9b216294Released 1 Mar 2009
04N9b216294Released 10 May 2009
05N9b216294Released 8 Jul 2009
06N9b216294Released 28 Sep 2009
07N9b216294Released 10 Nov 2009
08N9b216294Released 21 Mar 2010
09N9b216294Released 20 Jun 2010
10N9b216294Released 10 Aug 2010
11N9b216294Released 7 Feb 2011
12N9b216294Released 20 Jul 2011
13N9b216294Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14N9b2C16294TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15N9b2C16294TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16N9b2C16294TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17N9b2C16294TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup N9b2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5011981Mikami et al., 2013N9b2:152, 195N9b2:143, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 10235, 10882, 14233, 16183C
Hap5015063Tanaka et al., 2004N9b2:16129N9b2:309.1CC, 315.1C, 6023, 8078, 9329, 11440, 14016, 16183C, 16193.1C, 16319

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|

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