Age: 11,859.3 ± 3,760.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G12501A
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: N9b
Descendant branch(s): N9b1a N9b1b N9b1c


Haplogroup N9b1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 8,100 and 15,600 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup N9b1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01N9b112501Released 27 Aug 2008
02N9b112501Released 14 Oct 2008
03N9b112501Released 1 Mar 2009
04N9b112501Released 10 May 2009
05N9b112501Released 8 Jul 2009
06N9b112501Released 28 Sep 2009
07N9b112501Released 10 Nov 2009
08N9b112501Released 21 Mar 2010
09N9b112501Released 20 Jun 2010
10N9b112501Released 10 Aug 2010
11N9b112501Released 7 Feb 2011
12N9b112501Released 20 Jul 2011
13N9b112501Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14N9b1G12501AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15N9b1G12501AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16N9b1G12501AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17N9b1G12501AReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup N9b1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5005515Bilal et al., 2008noneN9b1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 6770T, 16182C, 16183C, 16193.1C
Hap5011938Mikami et al., 2013noneN9b1:309.1C, 315.1C, 4688, 9935, 11440, 16182C, 16183C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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