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Age: 8,280.9 ± 5,124.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A4129G T12354C A12612G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: N9a
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup N9a3 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 3,200 and 13,400 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup N9a3 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01N9a34129 12354 12612Released 27 Aug 2008
02N9a34129 12354 12612Released 14 Oct 2008
03N9a34129 12354 12612Released 1 Mar 2009
04N9a34129 12354 12612Released 10 May 2009
05N9a34129 12354 12612Released 8 Jul 2009
06N9a34129 12354 12612Released 28 Sep 2009
07N9a34129 12354 12612Released 10 Nov 2009
08N9a34129 12354 12612Released 21 Mar 2010
09N9a34129 12354 12612Released 20 Jun 2010
10N9a34129 12354 12612Released 10 Aug 2010
11N9a34129 12354 12612Released 7 Feb 2011
12N9a34129 12354 12612Released 20 Jul 2011
13N9a34129 12354 12612Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14N9a3A4129G T12354C A12612GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15N9a3A4129G T12354C A12612GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16N9a3A4129G T12354C A12612GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17N9a3A4129G T12354C A12612GReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup N9a3 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5002403Behar et al., 2012bN9a3:146N9a3:309.1C, 315.1C, 7810, 16519
Hap5005126Behar et al., 2012bnoneN9a3:309.1CC, 315.1C, 4703, 10321, 15604, 16519
Hap5005537Bilal et al., 2008N9a3:11914, 16189N9a3:309.1CC, 315.1C, 2833, 5086, 8029, 9362, 14827G, 16183M, 16193.1C, 16519
Hap5014931Tanaka et al., 2004N9a3:195N9a3:309.1C, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5015163Tanaka et al., 2004N9a3:11914, 16189N9a3:309.1CC, 315.1C, 2833, 5086, 8029, 9362, 16519
Hap5018453Derenko et al., 2012noneN9a3:309.1C, 315.1C, 3882, 9755, 11525, 16519
Hap5018468Derenko et al., 2012noneN9a3:309.1C, 315.1C, 4913, 10084, 12636, 16519
Hap5018483Derenko et al., 2012N9a3:195, 16278N9a3:309.1C, 315.1C, 12810, 16519
Hap5018487Derenko et al., 2012noneN9a3:309.1C, 315.1C, 4913, 12636
Hap5023473Zheng et al., 2011noneN9a3:310N, 4512, 13890, 15106, 16519
Hap5023474Zheng et al., 2011noneN9a3:315.1C, 2052N, 2053N, 2054N, 3338, 16248, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10072275United KingdomRussiaRussiaRussia
Hap10072276United StatesUnited KingdomRussiaRussia
Hap10072277United StatesUnited StatesRussiaRussia
Hap10072278United StatesTaiwanTaiwanTaiwan
Hap10072279UnspecifiedUnited StatesTaiwanTaiwan
Hap10072280United StatesUnited StatesTurkeyTurkey
Hap10072281South AfricaSouth AfricaUnspecifiedSouth Africa
Hap10072282United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10072283United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|

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